Protypotherium australe Moreno 1882 (notoungulate)

Mammalia - Notoungulata - Interatheriidae

Alternative combinations: Protypotherium australis, Toxodontophanus australis

Synonyms: Epipatriarchus bifidens Ameghino 1904 [objective synonym], Patriarchus altus Ameghino 1891 [objective synonym], Patriarchus distortus Ameghino 1891 [objective synonym], Patriarchus furculosus Ameghino 1891 [objective synonym], Protypotherium altum Ameghino 1891 [objective synonym], Protypotherium bifidens Ameghino 1904 [objective synonym], Protypotherium distortum Ameghino 1891 [objective synonym], Protypotherium martini Lane 1927 [objective synonym], Protypotherium palmidens Ameghino 1889 [objective synonym]

Belongs to Protypotherium according to F. Ameghino 1894

See also Ameghino 1887, Ameghino 1889, Ameghino 1891, Ameghino 1904, Fernández et al. 2019, Fernández et al. 2023, Kramarz et al. 2015, Rovereto 1914, Sinclair 1909, Solórzano and Núñez-Flores 2021 and Vera et al. 2019

Sister taxa: Protypotherium antiquum, Protypotherium claudum, Protypotherium colloncurensis, Protypotherium columnifer, Protypotherium compressidens, Protypotherium diastematum, Protypotherium distinctum, Protypotherium furculosus, Protypotherium icochiloides, Protypotherium leptocephalus, Protypotherium minutum, Protypotherium obstructum, Protypotherium praerutilum, Protypotherium rectus

Type specimens:

  • Protypotherium australe: MACN-A 1338 and MACN-A 1345–1346 (casts of the missing holotype with left maxillary fragment with P3–M3)
  • Epipatriarchus bifidens:
  • Patriarchus altus:
  • Patriarchus furculosus:
  • Protypotherium distortum:
  • Protypotherium martini: MACN A 4029–4030, a maxilla.
  • Protypotherium palmidens:

Ecology: scansorial herbivore


• Miocene of Argentina (19 collections), Chile (1)

Total: 20 collections including 21 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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