Tribe Tropiphorini Marseul 1863 (snout beetle)

Insecta - Coleoptera - Curculionidae

Synonyms: Alophinae Le Conte 1874, Alophini Le Conte 1874

Parent taxon: Entiminae according to A. A. Legalov 2018

See also Bouchard et al. 2011, Legalov 2015, Legalov 2016 and Yunakov and Kirejtshuk 2011

Sister taxa: Anypotactini, Argoptochus incertus, Bagous atavus, Brachycerus exilis, Brachyderini, Cneorhinini, Cylydrorhinini, Cyphicerini, Entimini, Eudiagogini, Eustylini, Geonemini, Hormorini, Hyperini, Laccopygus, Laccopygus rhenanus, Lachnopus robustus, Laparocerini, Megarhynchaenus, Naupactini, Naupactus crassirostris, Oligocryptus, Ophryastini, Otiorhynchini, Otiorhynchus boettingensis, Phyllobiini, Phytonomus firmus, Polydrusini, Pristorhynchini, Scelianoma, Sciaphilini, Sciaphilus nigriscens, Sitona atavina, Sitona attavina, Sitona exitiorum, Sitones venustulus, Sitonini, Strophosomus marcelini, Syntomostylus fortis, Tanymecini, Trachyphloeini, Tychius manderstjernai, Polydrosini, Strophosomini

Subtaxa: Catoptes Centron Coniatus refractus Cryptorhynchus durus Dyslobus Geralophus Graptus Hipporhinus brevis Lepidophorus Lepyrus evictus Limalophus Ophryastes championi Ophryastes compactus Ophryastes grandis Ophryastes petrarum Otiorhynchus subteractus Phyxelis Primocentron Rhytideres Sitona paginarum Succinalophus Tenillus Trichalophus Vitavitus

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Ecology:

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (2: Alberta, Yukon collections), New Zealand (1), the Russian Federation (3), United States (2: Alaska, Washington)

• Pliocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Miocene of Italy (1), United States (1: Alaska)

• Oligocene of France (5), Germany (1)

• Eocene of the Russian Federation (1), United States (19: Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)

Total: 37 collections including 71 occurrences

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