Crurithyris George 1931 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Ambocoeliidae

Full reference: T. N. George. 1931. Ambocoelia Hall and certain similar British Spiriferidae. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 87:30-62

Parent taxon: Ambocoeliinae according to A. Williams et al. 2006

See also Brunton and Champion 1974, Savage et al. 1978 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Ambocoelia, Attenuatella, Biconvexiella, Bisinocoelia, Cruricella, Cyrtinoides, Dicoelospirifer, Echinocoelia, Eoplicoplasia, Guangxiispirifer, Metaplasia, Orbicoelia, Paracrurithyris, Plicoplasia, Spinoplasia, Swaicoelia

Subtaxa: Crurithyris aquilonia Crurithyris arcuata Crurithyris calendae Crurithyris changmeensis Crurithyris clannyana Crurithyris expansa Crurithyris extumida Crurithyris inflata Crurithyris longa Crurithyris longirostris Crurithyris longtanica Crurithyris major Crurithyris muliensis Crurithyris opalinus Crurithyris parva Crurithyris planoconvexa Crurithyris sulcata Crurithyris tazawai Crurithyris telleri Crurithyris tianshengqiaoensis Crurithyris uralica Crurithyris urei Crurithyris wampensis

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of China (12 collections)

• Permian to Triassic of China (1)

• Permian of Antarctica (1), Austria (1), Bolivia (29), Canada (6: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon), China (84), Germany (1), Iran (1), Japan (1), Lithuania (8), Malaysia (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (7), the Russian Federation (4), Slovenia (1), Tajikistan (1), Thailand (1), Tunisia (1), Ukraine (2), the United Kingdom (6), United States (85: Alaska, California, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Virgilian of United States (86: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (82: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nevada, Oklahoma)

• Atokan of United States (3: Nevada)

• Pennsylvanian of China (1)

• Namurian of Thailand (1)

• Osagean of United States (2: New Mexico, Tennessee)

• Carboniferous to Permian of United States (2: California)

• Carboniferous of Antarctica (1), Argentina (3), Australia (6), Belgium (2), Bolivia (9), Canada (4: Alberta, Nunavut), China (3), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (3), Ireland (3), Mexico (1), Peru (2), the United Kingdom (66), United States (244: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah)

• Mississippian of Canada (2: Northwest Territories), United States (1: Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, California)

• Devonian to Carboniferous of the United Kingdom (4)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (4), Australia (1), Canada (4: Alberta, Nunavut), China (3), the Czech Republic (1), France (2), Germany (20), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (21: Alaska, Montana, Nevada)

Total: 852 collections including 889 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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