Phymosoma Haime 1853 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Calycina - Phymosomatidae

Synonym: Cyphosoma Agassiz 1838 [replaced name]

Parent taxon: Phymosomatidae according to C. L. C. Manso and E. J. Andrade 2008

See also Cooke 1953, Fell and Pawson 1966, Geys 1980, Maury 1936, Sepkoski 2002, Smith 1991, Smith 1995 and Smith 2009

Sister taxa: Acanthechinus, Actinophyma, Aeolopneustes, Cosmocyphus, Gauthieria, Glyptocidaris, Glyptocyphus, Hemithylus, Jacquiertia, Lambertechinus, Leptechinus, Micropsis, Narindechinus, Pleurodiadema, Plistophyma, Polyplacidia, Porosoma, Rachiosoma, Thylechinus, Winkleria

Subtaxa: Cyphosoma riograndensis Phymosoma baylei Phymosoma binexilis Phymosoma corneti Phymosoma gehrdenense Phymosoma gigantea Phymosoma hexoaporum Phymosoma hilli Phymosoma maastrichtensis Phymosoma peloria Phymosoma princeps

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal omnivore

Distribution:

• Eocene of Cuba (1 collection), Germany (1)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (3), Brazil (9), Bulgaria (1), Egypt (17), France (14), Germany (2), Hungary (2), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), Portugal (1), Spain (5), USSR (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), United States (1: Texas)

• Jurassic of Poland (3)

Total: 65 collections including 71 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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