Rhachiocephalus magnus Owen 1876

Osteichthyes - Therapsida - Cryptodontidae

Alternative combinations: Eocyclops magnus, Oudenodon magnus, Platypodosaurus magnus

Synonyms: Dicynodon scheepersi Broom 1948, Eocyclops longus Broom 1913, Kitchingia planifrons Broom and George 1950, Megacyclops rugosus Haughton 1932, Megacyclops usiliensis von Huene 1942, Megacyclops whaitsi Broom 1931, Neomegacyclops cyclops Boonstra 1953, Pelanomodon wesselsi Broom 1948, Platycyclops haughtoni Broom 1932, Platycyclops latirhinus Broom 1940, Platycyclops rubidgei Broom 1940, Rhachiocephalus angusticeps Broom 1937, Rhachiocephalus cyclops Boonstra 1953, Rhachiocephalus haughtoni Broom 1932, Rhachiocephalus longus Broom 1913, Rhachiocephalus rugosus Haughton 1932, Rhachiocephalus usiliensis von Huene 1942, Rhachiocephalus wesselsi Broom 1948, Rhachiocephalus whaitsi Broom 1931

Full reference: R. Owen. 1876. Descriptive and Illustrated catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia of South Africa in the Collection of the British Museum of Natural History.

Belongs to Rhachiocephalus according to C. F. Kammerer et al. 2011

See also Boonstra 1953, Brink 1986, Broom 1913, Broom 1931, Broom 1932, Broom 1937, Broom 1940, Broom 1948, Broom and George 1950, Haughton 1917, Haughton 1932, Kammerer and Angielczyk 2009, Keyser 1972, Keyser 1975, King 1988, Kitching 1977, Maisch 2000, Maisch 2002, Owen 1876, Seeley 1898 and von Huene 1942

Sister taxon: Rhachiocephalus behemoth

Type specimens:

  • Rhachiocephalus magnus: NHMUK 36252, a partial skull (Partial skull). Its type locality is Brakrivier, Fort Beaufort, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Dicynodon scheepersi: RC 95, a skull. Its type locality is Adendorp, Graaff-Reinet, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Eocyclops longus: AMNH (no number), a skull. Its type locality is Grootvlei, Paarderkraal, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Kitchingia planifrons: BPI 124, a skull. Its type locality is Brandkraal, Murraysburg, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Megacyclops rugosus: SAM 10637, a partial skull. Its type locality is B4, Katumbi Vawili (Lower Bonebed K6), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Usili Formation of Tanzania.
  • Megacyclops usiliensis: UT U 31, a partial skull. Its type locality is B32, Usili mountain, Ngaka - Kingori Hill Area, Ruhuhu Valley, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Usili Formation of Tanzania.
  • Megacyclops whaitsi: SAM 3425, a skull. Its type locality is Graaff-Reinet Commonage, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Middleton or Balfour Formation of South Africa.
  • Neomegacyclops cyclops: SAM 11707, a partial skull. Its type locality is B32, Usili mountain, Ngaka - Kingori Hill Area, Ruhuhu Valley, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Usili Formation of Tanzania.
  • Pelanomodon wesselsi: RC 65, a skull. Its type locality is Murraysburg Commonage (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Platycyclops latirhinus: Its type locality is Wimbledon, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Platycyclops rubidgei: Its type locality is Grootdriefontein (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in the Teekloof Formation of South Africa.
  • Rhachiocephalus angusticeps: Its type locality is Kranskraal, which is in a Wuchiapingian/Changhsingian terrestrial horizon in the Normandien Formation of South Africa.
  • Rhachiocephalus haughtoni: SAM 8750, a skull.

Distribution:

• Permian of South Africa (3 collections), Tanzania (2)

Total: 5 collections each including a single occurrence

Show more details


Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.