†unranked clade Panemydidae Joyce et al. 2004 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Panemydidae

panstem name

Full reference: W. G. Joyce, J. F. Parham, and J. A. Gauthier. 2004. Developing a protocol for the conversion of rank-based taxon names to phylogenetically defined clade names, as exemplified by turtles. Journal of Paleontology 78(5):989-1013

Parent taxon: Testudinoidea according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Joyce et al. 2004

Sister taxa: Bergouniouxchelys, Borkenia, Chrysemys (Pseudemys) hibbardi, Clemmys hesperia, Clemmys percrassus, Cucullemys, Cuvierichelys, Emys euglypha, Emys euthnetus, Emys latilabiatus, Emys megaulax, Emys pachylomus, Emys petrolei, Eupachemys obtusus, Euroemys, Francellia, Hadrianus allabiatus, Hybemys arenarius, Landreatchelys, Lindholmemydidae, Notomorpha testudinea, Owenemys, Palaeomauremys, Palatochelydia, Pangeoemydidae, Pantestudinidae, Promalacoclemmys, Provencemys, Ptychogasteridae, Rhinoclemmys nicoyana, Testudo culbratus, Testudo distans, Testudo munda, Trachemys delicata, Trachemys nuchocarinata, Wutuchelys

Subtaxa: Acherontemys Emydidae Psilosemys

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Ecology: aquatic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (4 collections), the Bahamas (1), Bermuda (1), Brazil (1), China (3), Croatia (2), the Czech Republic (1), El Salvador (1), France (6), Germany (4), Greece (7), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), Italy (5), Japan (2), Malta (1), Mexico (1), Monaco (1), the Netherlands (2), Panama (2), Slovakia (4), Spain (4), Thailand (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (97: Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sussex, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia), Vietnam (1)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (11: Arizona, Florida, Idaho, Nebraska, New Mexico)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1), United States (1: California)

• Pliocene of China (2), France (2), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Moldova (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (4), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (3), Spain (1), Ukraine (2), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), United States (20: California, Florida, Indiana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Tennessee)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Austria (1), China (6), Egypt (1), France (2), Germany (8), Hungary (3), India (2), Japan (1), Kazakhstan (1), Mexico (1), Nepal (2), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (1), Spain (3), Switzerland (2), Thailand (1), Turkey (1), United States (46: Delaware, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Washington)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (1)

• Oligocene of China (2), France (4), Georgia (1), Germany (2), United States (3: Florida, South Dakota, Virginia)

• Eocene of Canada (2: Saskatchewan), China (1), France (2), Mongolia (2), Thailand (2), the United Kingdom (7), United States (39: Florida, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of United States (23: California, Montana, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Cretaceous of Romania (1), United States (6: Montana, Wyoming)

Total: 409 collections including 520 occurrences

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