†order Hyolithelminthida Fischer 1962

Hyolithelminthida

Alternative spelling: Hyolithelminthes

Parent taxon: Animalia according to R. Wrona 2004

See also Kiessling 2009 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Bilateria, Diploblastica, Homoblastica, Vertebrosa, Westgardia, Placozoa, Triploblastica, Neuralia, Deuteronectanebos, Problematica, Trichoplax, Calcispongea, Tentaculitoidea, Lazaichnus, Siphonoconcha, Triradialomorpha, Rhizostomites, Porifera, Bilateralomorpha, Muricassis, Mesozoa, Silicispongea, Epitheliozoa, Euradiculata, Namapoikia, Proarticulata, Rangeomorpha, Kimberellomorpha, Pentaradialomorpha, Yunnanomedusa, Petalonamae, Megathrix, Odontogriphidae, Silicea, Stellostomites, Subtilicyathus, Gephyrea, Parazoa, Goettingenia, Xidazoon, Cambrorhytium, Mawsonites, Spygoria, Oligoopilionus, Sentularia, Eodiorygma, Kullingia, Arboreomorpha, Vetulicolia, Protolyellia

Subtaxa: Beklemishevites Byronia Hyolithellidae Ivanovites Koksuja Phosphannulus Sokolovites Thorslundella Torellellidae Torellelloides

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Carboniferous of United States (2: Indiana collections)

• Ordovician of Canada (6: British Columbia, Nunavut), Estonia (4), Kazakhstan (1), the Russian Federation (3), Sweden (2)

• Arenig of the Russian Federation (1)

• Cambrian of Antarctica (1), Australia (38), Canada (37: Brithish Columbia, British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Quebec), China (57), Estonia (4), France (1), Greenland (41), India (1), Iran (2), Italy (1), Jordan (1), Kazakhstan (24), Kyrgyzstan (7), Mexico (2), Mongolia (5), Morocco (3), Norway (2), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (44), Sweden (14), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (39: Massachusetts, Nevada, New York, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, Washington)

Total: 354 collections including 550 occurrences

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