Bufo Laurenti 1768 (toad)

Osteichthyes - Salientia - Bufonidae

Parent taxon: Bufonidae according to R. Estes and R. Wassersug 1963

See also Böhme 2010, Carroll 1988, Cope 1875, Estes and Tihen 1964, Holman et al. 1990, Holman et al. 1986, Holman and Sullivan 1981, Kotsakis 1977, Lynch 1965, Parmley 1992 and Venczel and Stiuca 2008

Sister taxon: Indobatrachus

Subtaxa: Bufo americanus Bufo defensor Bufo hibbardi Bufo holmani Bufo kuhrei Bufo linquensis Bufo marinus Bufo pisanoi Bufo pliocompactilis Bufo praevius Bufo serratus Bufo terrestris Bufo tiheni Bufo valentinensis Bufo viridis Bufo woodhousei

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), Bolivia (2), Canada (1: British Columbia), Croatia (1), France (20), Georgia (1), Germany (8), Greece (8), Hungary (9), Italy (13), Japan (1), Malta (1), Mexico (1), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Peru (1), the Philippines (2), Poland (9), Spain (14), the United Kingdom (23), United States (58: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Sussex, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (5: Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1), Hungary (3)

• Pliocene of Greece (1), Hungary (7), Italy (1), Morocco (1), Poland (3), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (4), Turkey (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (7: Arizona, Florida, Indiana, Nebraska)

• Miocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), China (2), Colombia (1), Germany (3), Hungary (2), Italy (1), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), United States (13: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Eocene to Miocene of France (1)

• Cretaceous of Portugal (1)

Total: 245 collections including 340 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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