Suborder Myliobatoidei Compagno 1973 (stingray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes

Parent taxon: Myliobatiformes according to J. A. Ebersole et al. 2019

Sister taxa: Acanthobatis, Bates, Ceratopteridae, Dasyatoidea, Eomanta, Gymnuridae, Mobuloidea, Myliobatoidea, Platyrhinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Ptychacanthus, Texabatis, Turoniabatis, Urolophidae

Subtaxa: Aturobatis Coupatezia Dasyatidae Hypolophodon Myliobatidae

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), Ecuador (1), France (1), Kenya (11), South Africa (1), United States (15: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (7)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Australia (3), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Italy (1), Libya (1), Mexico (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1), United States (5: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (2), Ecuador (1), Panama (1), South Africa (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (4), Australia (2), Austria (8), Brazil (5), Colombia (3), Costa Rica (2), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), Ecuador (2), Egypt (1), France (8), Germany (4), India (11), Italy (1), Japan (6), Madagascar (1), Mexico (3), the Netherlands (3), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (19), Peru (13), Poland (2), Portugal (5), Saudi Arabia (3), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (2), United States (32: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (8)

• Waitakian of New Zealand (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Peru (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (2), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (6), Hungary (1), Japan (2), New Zealand (2), Oman (1), Pakistan (5), United States (4: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Belgium (1), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Chile (2), Egypt (32), France (3), Germany (1), India (10), Italy (3), Jordan (3), Libya (2), Morocco (3), Namibia (1), Niger (1), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Senegal (1), Spain (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (16), United States (37: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Denmark (1), India (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Brazil (1), France (2), Morocco (5), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (1), Saudi Arabia (10), United States (17: Arkansas, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, South Carolina, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Tertiary of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cenozoic of New Zealand (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Bolivia (1), Brazil (2), Canada (69: Alberta, Saskatchewan), France (3), India (8), Jordan (4), Madagascar (1), Mali (1), Mexico (1), Niger (3), Spain (6), Syria (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (193: Alabama, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming), Uzbekistan (2)

• Jurassic of France (1)

Total: 734 collections including 1346 occurrences

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