Archaeocyathus Billings 1861 (archaeocyath sponge)

Archaeocyatha - Archaeocyathida - Archaeocyathidae

Synonyms: Batenevia Krasnopeeva 1961, Claruscyathus Vologdin 1932, Flindersicyathus Bedford and Bedford 1937, Retecyathus Vologdin 1932, Sanxiacyathus Yuan and Zhang 1977, Syringsella Krasnopeeva 1961, Vadimocyathus Osadchaya et al. 1979

Parent taxon: Archaeocyathidae according to F. Debrenne et al. 2015

See also Debrenne et al. 1989, Hong et al. 1990, Kerner et al. 2011, Okulitch 1950, Okuneva and Repina 1973, Osadchaya et al. 1979, Sepkoski 2002 and Voronova et al. 1987

Sister taxa: Araneocyathus, Arrythmocricus, Pycnoidocyathus, Sigmofungia

Subtaxa: Archaeocyathus (Spirocyathus) Archaeocyathus abacus Archaeocyathus arborensis Archaeocyathus atlanticus Archaeocyathus chikinevae Archaeocyathus dwighti Flindersicyathus aenigmatus Flindersicyathus mcdamensis Sanxiacyathus sinuatus

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal suspension feeder


• Ordovician of China (1 collection)

• Delamaran of Canada (1: British Columbia), United States (1: Idaho)

• Cambrian of Australia (3), Canada (9: British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Yukon), China (5), Mexico (8), Mongolia (2), the Russian Federation (29), Spain (1), United States (13: California, Nevada, New Jersey, Virginia)

Total: 73 collections including 133 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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