Cynarctus crucidens Barbour and Cook 1914 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonym: Cynarctus fortidens Hall and Dalquest 1962

Full reference: E. H. Barbour and H. J. Cook. 1914. Two new fossil dogs of the genus Cynarctus from Nebraska. Nebraska Geological Survey 4(15):225-227

Belongs to Cynarctus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

See also Barbour and Cook 1914, Corner 1976 and Hall and Dalquest 1962

Sister taxa: Cynarctus galushai, Cynarctus marylandica, Cynarctus saxatilis, Cynarctus voorhiesi, Cynarctus wangi

Type specimens:

  • Cynarctus crucidens: UNSM 2-2-11-13, a mandible (a right lower jaw, with nearly complete dentition ). Its type locality is Whitford's Quarry No. 2, which is in a Clarendonian terrestrial horizon in the Ash Hollow Formation of Nebraska.
  • Cynarctus fortidens: Its type locality is Noble Ranch, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in Texas.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of United States (16: Nebraska, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington collections)

Total: 16 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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