Hemiauchenia Gervais and Ameghino 1880 (camel)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae

Synonyms: Holomeniscus Cope 1884, Tanupolama Stock 1928

Parent taxon: Lamini according to D. R. Ruez 2005

See also Alroy 2002, Breyer 1977, Carroll 1988, Cisneros 2005, Cope 1884, Dalquest 1992, Dalquest and Schultz 1992, Hay 1902, Honey et al. 1998, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Meachen 2005, Olson 1940, Salas et al. 2003, Simpson 1945, Stock 1928, Webb 1965, Webb 1974 and Webb and Meachen 2004

Sister taxa: Aepycamelus, Alforjas, Blancocamelus, Camelops, Eulamaops, Lama, Palaeolama, Pleiolama, Pliauchenia, Tanupolama parvus, Vicugna

Subtaxa: Auchenia vitakeriana Hemiauchenia edensis Hemiauchenia gracilis Hemiauchenia guanajuatensis Hemiauchenia macrocephala Hemiauchenia minima Hemiauchenia paradoxa Tanupolama longurio Tanupolama virginiensis

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Type: Hemiauchenia paradoxa

Ecology: ground dwelling browser-grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (7 collections), Bolivia (1), Brazil (7), Canada (2: Alberta), Chile (1), El Salvador (1), Mexico (7), United States (77: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington), Uruguay (1)

• Blancan of Mexico (4), United States (70: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), United States (2: California, Idaho)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (3), United States (33: Arizona, California, Florida, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Miocene of United States (9: Arizona, California, Florida, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota)

Total: 226 collections including 227 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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