Hipparion de Christol 1832 (hipparionine horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Synonyms: Hemihipparion Wehrli 1941, Hipparitherium Christol 1847, Proboscidipparion Sefve 1927, Stylohipparion van Hoepen 1932

Parent taxon: Hipparionini according to S. R. May 2019

See also Alroy 2002, Boessenecker 2011, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Cope 1893, Geraads et al. 2004, Gidley 1907, Hay 1902, Kelly 1995, MacFadden 1998, Osborn 1918, Prothero and Schoch 1989, Quinn 1955, Stirton 1940, Theodorou et al. 2003, Thurmond and Jones 1981 and Vlachou and Koufos 2002

Sister taxa: Cormohipparion, Eurygnathohippus, Hipparion anthonyi, Hippotherium, Hippotherium sinclairi, Nannippus, Neohipparion, Pseudhipparion

Subtaxa: Hipparion chiai Hipparion concudense Hipparion condoni Hipparion crassum Hipparion dietrichi Hipparion fissurae Hipparion forcei Hipparion gromovae Hipparion laromae Hipparion longipes Hipparion macedonicum Hipparion matthewi Hipparion mediterraneum Hipparion minus Hipparion molayanense Hipparion periafricanum Hipparion phlegrae Hipparion rocinantis Hipparion sellardsi Hipparion shirleyae Hipparion sitifense Hipparion tehonense Hipparion theniusi Hipparion weihoense Hippotherium venustum

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Azerbaijan (2), Djibouti (1), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (69), France (1), Greece (1), Kenya (28), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Tanzania (18), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (4), Kenya (16), Malawi (2), South Africa (1), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene of Armenia (1), Bulgaria (1), China (13), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (25), Georgia (2), Greece (8), Hungary (2), India (3), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (3), Kenya (8), Malawi (1), Moldova (2), Myanmar (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (6), South Africa (4), Spain (6), Tanzania (22), Turkey (1), Uganda (1), Ukraine (8)

• MN 13 of China (1), Moldova (3), Portugal (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (6: Florida, Kansas, Oklahoma)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Greece (2), Kazakhstan (5), Kenya (2), Mongolia (1), South Africa (4), Turkey (1), Uganda (14), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (2)

• Neogene of Ukraine (3)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (3), Austria (4), Bulgaria (1), Chad (1), China (28), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (2), France (3), Georgia (2), Germany (1), Greece (42), Hungary (1), India (2), Iran (1), Iraq (1), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (3), Kyrgyzstan (1), Lebanon (1), Moldova (8), Myanmar (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (7), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (16), Syria (1), Tajikistan (3), Thailand (2), Tunisia (4), Turkey (6), Uganda (5), Ukraine (13), the United Arab Emirates (1), United States (47: California, Florida, Nebraska, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Washington)

Total: 548 collections including 620 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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