Borophagus secundus VanderHoof 1931 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combination: Osteoborus secundus

Synonyms: Borophagus cyonoides Martin 1928, Borophagus direptor Matthew 1924, Hyaenognathus cyonoides Martin 1928, Hyaenognathus direptor Matthew 1924, Osteoborus cyonoides Martin 1928, Osteoborus direptor Matthew 1924

Full reference: V. L. VanderHoof. 1931. Borophagus littoralis From the Marine Tertiary of California. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences 21(2):15-24

Belongs to Borophagus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

See also Bennett 1979, Bode 1935, Dalquest 1969, Dalquest and Mooser 1980, Harrison 1983, Johnston 1939, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Martin 1928, Matthew 1924, Matthew and Stirton 1930, McGrew 1944, Munthe 1998, Richey 1979, Schultz 1990, Skinner et al. 1977, Stirton and VanderHoof 1933, Tseng and Geisler 2016, VanderHoof 1931, VanderHoof and Gregory 1940 and Webb and Perrigo 1984

Sister taxa: Borophagus diversidens, Borophagus dudleyi, Borophagus hilli, Borophagus littoralis, Borophagus orc, Borophagus parvus, Borophagus pugnator, Dinocyon (Borophagus) meandrinus, Osteoborus crassipinaetus, Porthocyon matthewi

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore


• Pliocene of Mexico (2 collections)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (4), United States (14: California, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Miocene of El Salvador (1), Honduras (4), Mexico (2), United States (2: California, Texas)

Total: 29 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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