Paracynarctus kelloggi Merriam 1911 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combinations: Cynarctus kelloggi, Cynodesmus kelloggi, Tephrocyon kelloggi, Tomarctus kelloggi

Synonyms: Cynodesmus casei Wilson 1939, Tomarctus casei Wilson 1939

Full reference: J. C. Merriam. 1911. Tertiary Mammal Beds Of Virgin Valley and Thousand Creek In Northwestern Nevada. Part II.-Vertebrate Faunas. University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology 6(11):199-304

Belongs to Paracynarctus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

See also Bode 1935, Downs 1956, Green 1948, Henshaw 1942, Matthew 1924, Merriam 1911, Munthe 1988, Shotwell 1968, Stirton 1940, Wang 1994, White 1941 and Wilson 1939

Sister taxon: Paracynarctus sinclairi

Type specimens:

  • Paracynarctus kelloggi: UCMP 11562, a mandible (lower jaw with dentition). Its type locality is Virgin Valley, which is in a Barstovian terrestrial horizon in the Virgin Valley Formation of Nevada.
  • Cynodesmus casei: Its type locality is Piney River, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in the North Park Formation of Colorado.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore


• Miocene of United States (18: California, Colorado, Delaware, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Wyoming collections)

Total: 18 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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