Paraenhydrocyon josephi Cope 1881 (canid)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combinations: Hypotemnodon josephi, Mesocyon josephi, Parenhydrocyon josephi, Temnocyon josephi

Synonym: Mesocyon hortulirosae Schlaikjer 1935

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1881. On the Nimravidae and Canidae of the Miocene Period. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey 6(1):165-181

Belongs to Paraenhydrocyon according to X. Wang 1994

See also Cope 1881, Fremd 1994, Hay 1902, Hough 1948, Loomis 1936, Macdonald 1963, Matthew 1907, Merriam 1906, Stevens 1991, Strganac 2011, Swisher 1982, Wang and Fremd 1994, Wang and Tedford 1996 and Wortman and Matthew 1899

Sister taxa: Paraenhydrocyon robustus, Paraenhydrocyon wallovianus

Type specimens:

  • Paraenhydrocyon josephi: AMNH 6878, a partial skull (anterior half of skull)
  • Mesocyon hortulirosae: MCZ 2102, a skull (almost complete skull and mandible). Its type locality is Bear Creek Mountain (East), which is in an Arikareean terrestrial horizon in the Harrison Formation of Wyoming.

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore


• Harrisonian of United States (3: Wyoming collections)

• Arikareean of United States (8: Oregon, Wyoming)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Washington)

Total: 12 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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