Pliohippus mirabilis Leidy 1858 (horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Alternative combinations: Merychippus (Protohippus) mirabilis, Merychippus mirabilis, Protohippus mirabilis

Synonyms: Merychippus (Protohippus) campestris Gidley 1907, Merychippus campestris Gidley 1907

Full reference: J. Leidy. 1858. Notice of Remains of Extinct Vertebrata, from the Valley of the Niobrara River, Collected during the Exploring Expedition of 1857, in Nebraska, under the Command of Lieut. G. K. Warren, U. S. Top. Eng., by Dr. F. V. Hayden, Geologist to the Expedition. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 10:15-89

Belongs to Pliohippus according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Cope 1893, Gidley 1903, Gidley 1907, Hay 1902, Hulbert 1989, Kelly 1995, Kelly 1998, Leidy 1858, Macdonald 1992, Matthew and Stirton 1930, Osborn 1918, Prado and Alberdi 1996, Quinn 1955, Stirton 1940 and Voorhies 1990

Sister taxa: Pliohippus (Astrohippus), Pliohippus (Pliohippus), Pliohippus bakeri, Pliohippus coalingensis, Pliohippus fossulatus, Pliohippus gracilis, Pliohippus nobilis, Pliohippus pernix, Pliohippus potosinus, Pliohippus proversus, Pliohippus spectans, Pliohippus tantalus, Pliohippus tehonensis

Type specimens:

  • Pliohippus mirabilis: USNM 569, a partial skull (A fragment of the right maxillary containing the posterior two milk molars, and the first true molar partially calcified)
  • Merychippus campestris: AMNH 9069, a partial skeleton (Upper molar- premolar series of the left side associated with the lower jaws fragments of skull, vertebrre, and portion of fore and hind limbs and feet. ). Its type locality is Pawnee Buttes (Upper Beds), which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in Colorado.

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Miocene of United States (9: Colorado, Florida, Nebraska collections)

Total: 9 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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