Cyphastrea Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Alternative spelling: Cyphastraea

Parent taxon: Merulinidae according to D. Huang et al. 2014

See also Kosnik 2002, Osberger 1954, Sepkoski 2002 and Veron 2000

Sister taxa: Astrea, Australogyra, Boninastrea, Coelastrea, Dipsastraea, Echinopora, Erythrastrea, Favites, Goniastrea, Hydnophora, Leptoria, Merulina, Mycedium, Orbicella, Oulophyllia, Paraclavarina, Paraleptoria, Paramontastraea, Parastrea, Pectinia, Platygyra, Scapophyllia, Trachyphyllia

Subtaxa: Cyphastraea coloi Cyphastrea aliceae Cyphastrea buddae Cyphastrea chalcidicum Cyphastrea crassa Cyphastrea cymotoma Cyphastrea gemmulifera Cyphastrea japonica Cyphastrea microphthalma Cyphastrea monticulifera Cyphastrea ocellina Cyphastrea serailia Cyphastrea spinea Cyphastrea tampae Cyphastrea tubifera Cyphastrea wanneri

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (26 collections), Djibouti (1), Egypt (17), Eritrea (1), French Polynesia (2), Guam (1), Indonesia (6), Iran (1), Israel (1), Japan (48), Kenya (9), Malaysia (1), Mauritius (1), New Caledonia (17), New Zealand (15), Pakistan (3), Papua New Guinea (6), the Philippines (1), Saudi Arabia (2), Taiwan (2), United States (2: Hawaii), Vanuatu (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1), Indonesia (3), the Philippines (1), Saudi Arabia (1), United States Minor Outlying Islands (1)

• Pliocene of Egypt (1), French Polynesia (1), Indonesia (15), Japan (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Taiwan (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (7), Malaysia (1)

• Miocene of Fiji (2), Indonesia (17), Iran (4), Italy (1), Japan (2), the Marshall Islands (2), Morocco (2), New Zealand (4), Papua New Guinea (6)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Eocene of Indonesia (1)

Total: 247 collections including 323 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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