Family Holothuriidae Ludwig 1894 (sea cucumber)

Holothuroidea - Aspidochirotida - Holothuriidae

Parent taxon: Aspidochirotida according to A. M. Kerr and J. Kim 2001

See also Frizzell and Exline 1966, Gilliland 1993, Pawson 1966, Reich 2001 and Rowe and Gates 1995

Sister taxa: Bathysynactites, Collbatothuria, Holothuropsis, Ornaticannula, Parvispina, Stichopodidae, Synallactidae

Subtaxa: Holothuria Labidodemas Pravuscucumis Protholothuria

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Ecology: epifaunal deposit feeder-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Germany (1 collection)

• Triassic of Italy (1)

• Desmoinesian of United States (18: Oklahoma)

Total: 20 collections each including a single occurrence

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