Subfamily Venericardiinae Chavan 1969 (clam)

Bivalvia - Carditida - Carditidae

Parent taxon: Carditidae according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Bouchet et al. 2010, Moore 1992, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Vokes 1980 and Ward 1992

Sister taxa: Ainicardita, Cardiocardita, Cardita, Carditamera, Carditamerinae, Carditesinae, Carditinae, Coanicardita, Crassicardia, Cyclocardia, Glans, Gujocardita, Hippocampocardia, Ludbrookia, Lunulicardita, Maghrebella, Miodomeridinae, Miodontiscus, Oesterheldia, Pleuromeris, Schizocardita, Thecaliinae, Venericardinae, Vetericardiella, Xenocardita

Subtaxa: Glyptoactis Megacardita Pteromeris Purpurocardia Trapezicardita Venericardia Verticipronus

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (7 collections), Djibouti (2), India (1), Japan (1), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Taiwan (17), United States (20: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Belgium (2), Colombia (3), the Dominican Republic (4), India (1), Indonesia (1), Japan (3), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (18: Florida, North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (10)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), the Dominican Republic (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (16), Australia (1), Austria (1), Brazil (9), Colombia (40), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (5), France (2), Grenada (2), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), New Zealand (18), Pakistan (2), Panama (26), Peru (1), the Philippines (1), Poland (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (9), Slovakia (2), Sri Lanka (2), United States (27: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (6)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), United States (14: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (4), Australia (1), France (8), Haiti (2), Iran (1), Japan (22), Mexico (3), New Zealand (15), Pakistan (2), Peru (1), Puerto Rico (3), the Russian Federation (5), United States (36: Alabama, Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Angola (2), Argentina (7), Australia (11), Belgium (3), Bulgaria (4), China (1), Colombia (19), Egypt (2), France (6), Haiti (1), India (4), Indonesia (1), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (39), Mexico (18), the Netherlands Antilles (4), New Zealand (18), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (11), Panama (7), Peru (13), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (5), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (58), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (23), United States (552: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Paleocene of Argentina (66), Australia (1), Austria (1), Belgium (6), China (1), Colombia (2), Denmark (5), Egypt (8), Germany (3), India (1), Libya (1), Mali (1), Mexico (4), New Zealand (4), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (4), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (220: Alabama, California, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleogene of United States (1: California)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Mali (2)

• Cretaceous of Algeria (1), Argentina (17), Brazil (3), Cameroon (1), Colombia (1), Ecuador (1), Egypt (21), France (1), Iran (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (4), Mozambique (1), New Zealand (1), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (7: Oregon, Texas), Venezuela (1)

• Jurassic of Greenland (25)

Total: 1658 collections including 2075 occurrences

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