Madracis Milne-Edwards and Haime 1849 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Astrocoeniidae

Parent taxon: Astrocoeniidae according to J.E.N. Veron 2000

See also Kiessling 2004 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Astrocoenia, Astrocoeniinae, Palauastrea, Pinacophyllinae, Stephanocoenia, Stylocoenia, Stylocoeniella

Subtaxa: Madracis asperula Madracis auretenra Madracis crassisepta Madracis crescentensis Madracis decactis Madracis decaseptata Madracis densa Madracis dodecachora Madracis duncani Madracis ganei Madracis gregorioi Madracis herricki Madracis incerta Madracis johnsoni Madracis johnwellsi Madracis kirbyi Madracis labrum Madracis mirabilis Madracis ornata Madracis pharensis Madracis rotiformis Madracis stewarti Madracis vaughani Madracis wellsi

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Barbados (1 collection), Cayman Islands (1), Costa Rica (48), the Dominican Republic (6), Haiti (2), Indonesia (1), Jamaica (2), the Netherlands Antilles (1), Panama (10), United States (1: Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Bahamas (1), Costa Rica (3)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (3), Costa Rica (2), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), the Netherlands Antilles (11), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), Indonesia (1)

• Miocene of the Dominican Republic (5), Egypt (1), France (3), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Morocco (1), the Netherlands Antilles (1), Panama (3), Papua New Guinea (2), Portugal (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of France (1), Libya (2), Venezuela (1)

• Eocene of Barbados (1), Jamaica (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Peru (1), United States (15: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Egypt (1), Slovenia (1), United States (11: Alabama, Louisiana)

• Cretaceous of China (1), Jamaica (1)

Total: 166 collections including 207 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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