Anomoepus scambus Hitchcock 1848 (bird foot dinosaur)

Reptilia - Neornithischia - Moyenisauropodidae

Synonyms: Aethyopus minor Hitchcock 1848, Anomoepus crassus Hitchcock 1889, Anomoepus cuneatus Hitchcock 1889, Anomoepus curvatus Hitchcock 1862, Anomoepus dodai Ellenberger 1974, Anomoepus gracillimus Hitchcock 1844, Anomoepus intermedius Hitchcock 1862, Anomoepus isodactylus Hitchcock 1889, Anomoepus longicauda Ellenberger 1974, Anomoepus minimus Hitchcock 1862, Anomoepus minor Hitchcock 1858, Anomoepus minor Ellenberger 1970, Anomoepus natatilis Ellenberger 1974, Anomoepus natator Ellenberger 1970, Anomoepus vermivorus Ellenberger 1970, Apatichnus circumagens Hitchcock 1858, Apatichnus crassus Hitchcock 1889, Apatichnus curvatus Hitchcock 1862, Apatichnus holyokensis Hitchcock 1889, Brontozoum fulicoides Hitchcock 1843, Brontozoum gracillimum Hitchcock 1844, Eubrontes gracillimus Hitchcock 1844, Grallator gracillimus Hitchcock 1844, Moyenisauripus natatilis Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus dodai Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus levicauda Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus longicauda Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus minor Ellenberger 1970, Moyenisauropus natatalis Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus natatilis Ellenberger 1974, Moyenisauropus natator Ellenberger 1970, Moyenisauropus vermivorus Ellenberger 1970, Moyenosauripus natator Ellenberger 1970, Ornithoidichnites falcoides Hitchcock 1843, Ornithoidichnites fulicoides Hitchcock 1843, Ornithoidichnites gracillimus Hitchcock 1844, Plesiornis quadrupes Hitchcock 1858

Full reference: E. Hitchcock. 1848. An attempt to discriminate and describe the animals that made the fossil footmarks of the United States, and especially of New England. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, new series 3:129-256

Belongs to Anomoepus according to P. E. Olsen and E. C. Rainforth 2003

See also Avanzini et al. 2001, Baird 1954, Deane 1843, Deane 1861, Demathieu and Haubold 1974, Ellenberger 1970, Ellenberger 1974, Eyerman 1889, Gand et al. 1976, Gierlinski 1991, Gierlinski et al. 2001, Gierlinski and Kowalski 2006, Gierlinski and Niedzwiedzki 2005, Haubold 1969, Haubold 1971, Hay 1902, Hitchcock 1843, Hitchcock 1844, Hitchcock 1845, Hitchcock 1848, Hitchcock 1855, Hitchcock 1858, Hitchcock 1862, Hitchcock 1865, Hitchcock 1871, Hitchcock 1889, Hitchcock 1898, Hunt and Lucas 2006, Kuhn 1963, Li et al. 2010, Li et al. 2012, Lockley and Gierlinski 2006, Lockley et al. 2009, Lull 1904, Lull 1915, Lull 1917, Lull 1953, Lyman 1894, Nelson 1965, Niedźwiedzki 2011, Olsen 1986, Olsen and Galton 1984, Quenstedt 1882, Thulborn 2006, Thulborn and Wade 1984, Warren 1854, Weems 1987, Xing et al. 2014 and Xing et al. 2016

Sister taxa: Anomoepus culbertsonii, Anomoepus fringilla, Anomoepus gallinuloides, Anomoepus minutus, Anomoepus moabensis, Anomoepus palmipes, Anomoepus pienkovskii, Anomoepus ranivorus, Anomoepus shingi, Anomoepus tungchuanensis, Anomoepus turda, Moyenisauropus karaszevskii

Type specimens:

  • Anomoepus scambus: AC 16/5, 34/40, a footprint. Its type locality is below Turners Falls, tracksite, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone/shale in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Aethyopus minor:
  • Anomoepus crassus: Rutgers University 50:4:1, a footprint. Its type locality is Vreeland Quarry tracksite, which is in a Hettangian terrestrial horizon in the Towaco Formation of New Jersey.
  • Anomoepus cuneatus: Mount Holyoke College 105 (destroyed), a footprint. Its type locality is Dickinson's Quarry, South Hadley, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Anomoepus curvatus: AC 52/10, a footprint. Its type locality is Lily Pond Quarry, Gill, which is in a Hettangian fluvial-lacustrine shale/sandstone in the Turners Falls Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Anomoepus intermedius: AC 48/1, a footprint. Its type locality is Ferry above Turners Falls, tracksite, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Anomoepus isodactylus: Mounty Holyoke College 128, 142 (destroyed), a footprint. Its type locality is Dickinson's Quarry, South Hadley, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Anomoepus minimus: AC 55/112, a footprint. Its type locality is Mokkanametsong tracksite (zone B/2), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian terrestrial sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Anomoepus minor:
  • Apatichnus circumagens: AC 21/2, a footprint. Its type locality is Ferry above Turners Falls, tracksite, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Apatichnus holyokensis: AC 48/1, a footprint. Its type locality is Lily Pond Quarry, Gill, which is in a Hettangian fluvial-lacustrine shale/sandstone in the Turners Falls Formation of Massachusetts.
  • Brontozoum fulicoides:
  • Eubrontes gracillimus: AC 50/1, a footprint.
  • Moyenisauropus dodai: 64E, a footprint. Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus levicauda: 68D, a footprint. Its type locality is Mokkanametsong tracksite (zone B/2), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian terrestrial sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus longicauda: 66B, a footprint. Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus minor: 66A, a footprint. Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus natatilis: 64D, a footprint. Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus natator: Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Moyenisauropus vermivorus: 65, a footprint. Its type locality is Moyeni tracksite (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fine channel fill sandstone/sandstone in the Elliot Formation of Lesotho.
  • Plesiornis quadrupes: AC 19/18, 37/28-29, a footprint. Its type locality is Ferry above Turners Falls, tracksite, which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Portland Formation of Massachusetts.

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Jurassic of Canada (2: Nova Scotia collections), United States (6: Massachusetts, New Jersey)

Total: 8 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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