†family Archaeocidaridae M'Coy 1844 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Archaeocidaridae

Full reference: F. M'Coy. 1844. A synopsis of the characters of the Carboniferous limestone fossils of Ireland 1-274

Parent taxon: Echinoidea according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Begg and Ballard 1991, Boczarowski 2001, Fell 1966 and Webster et al. 2009

Sister taxa: Acrosalenioida, Bromidechinus, Cassiduloidea, Cidaris aculeata, Cidaris aialensis, Cidaris alpina, Cidaris alternata, Cidaris austriaca, Cidaris avena, Cidaris biconica, Cidaris biformis, Cidaris braunii, Cidaris buchii, Cidaris caudex, Cidaris cingulata, Cidaris coralliophila, Cidaris costalarensis, Cidaris costata, Cidaris costeanensis, Cidaris decorata, Cidaris decoratissima, Cidaris dorsata, Cidaris ecki, Cidaris forminensis, Cidaris fustis, Cidaris glabra, Cidaris hausmanni, Cidaris lanceata, Cidaris linearis, Cidaris milierensis, Cidaris ovata, Cidaris perplexa, Cidaris petersii, Cidaris plana, Cidaris pyramidalis, Cidaris quadrialata, Cidaris quadriserrata, Cidaris regnyi, Cidaris remifera, Cidaris remifera, Cidaris reticulata, Cidaris roemeri, Cidaris schwageri, Cidaris scrobiculata, Cidaris seelandica, Cidaris semicostata, Cidaris similis, Cidaris spinachristi, Cidaris spongiosa, Cidaris stipes, Cidaris stoppanii, Cidaris sulcata, Cidaris tenuicostata, Cidaris tetraedrica, Cidaris transversa, Cidaris trapezoidalis, Cidaris trigona, Cidaris triserrata, Cidaris undulatus, Cidaris valparolae, Cidaris verticillata, Cidaris verticillata, Cidaris waechteri, Cidaris wissmanni, Cidaris zardini, Cidarites, Cidaroidea, Corystusidae, Dallonia, Deakia, Diplocidaroida, Disasteroida, Dysaster, Echinocrinus, Echinoida, Echinopluteus, Euechinoidea, Firmacidaris, Gajechinus, Gnathostomata, Hemicidaris gracilis, Hemicidaris obliquelineata, Oligopygoida, Ombria, Parechinus, Perischoechinoidea, Plegiocidaris senex, Pleurechinus, Protocidaris, Radiolus, Radiolus adametzi, Radiolus alutensis, Radiolus antipai, Radiolus boletus, Radiolus complanatus, Radiolus culter, Radiolus festuca, Radiolus fusus, Radiolus herbichi, Radiolus lineola, Radiolus penna, Radiolus racadaui, Radiolus raiblianus, Radiolus rostratus, Radiolus segmentatus, Regularia, Temnopleuroida, Vernius, Yunnanechinus

Subtaxa: Archaeocidaris Eocidaris Lepidocidaris Nortonechinus Polytaxicidaris Silurocidaris Xenocidaris

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Type: Archaeocidaris

Ecology: epifaunal grazer-deposit feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of United States (2: Alaska collections)

• Permian of Australia (3), New Zealand (1), Tunisia (2), United States (22: Arizona, Nevada, Texas)

• Virgilian of United States (3: Illinois)

• Desmoinesian of United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Atokan of United States (4: Colorado)

• Carboniferous of China (1), Ireland (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (11: Arkansas, Colorado, Indiana, Kentucky, New mexico, Texas, Wyoming)

• Mississippian of United States (1: Arizona)

• Devonian of the Czech Republic (1), France (1), Germany (9), Poland (1)

• Silurian of Sweden (1)

Total: 67 collections including 76 occurrences

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