Family Batrachoididae (toadfish)

Actinopteri - Batrachoidiformes - Batrachoididae

Parent taxon: Batrachoidiformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Carnevale and Godfrey 2118, Jordan 1963, Kiessling 2009 and Schwarzhans 2007

Sister taxa: Batrachoides, Perulibatrachus

Subtaxa: Batrachoididarum Opsanus Porichthys

View classification

Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (7: California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Virginia collections)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Jamaica (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Italy (4), Panama (2)

• Eocene of Germany (1)

Total: 18 collections including 22 occurrences

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