†subfamily Borophaginae Simpson 1945 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Parent taxon: Canidae according to X. Wang et al. 2004

See also Bjork 1970, Hulbert and Whitmore 2006, Tseng and Geisler 2016, Wang and Tedford 1992 and Wang et al. 1999

Sister taxa: Alopex, Amphicyon angustidens, Atelocynus, Caninae, Chailicyon, Cubacyon, Cynodictis, Cynotherium, Dusicyon, Dysodus, Gobicyon, Hesperocyoninae, Lycaon, Neovulpavus, Nyctereutes, Otocyon, Otocyoninae, Plesiocyon, Protemnocyon, Protocyon, Prototocyon, Speothos, Synagodus, Vulpes

Subtaxa: Archaeocyon Borophagini Otarocyon Oxetocyon Phlaocyonini Rhizocyon Tomarctus

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Blancan of El Salvador (1 collection), Mexico (3), United States (41: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene of Mexico (2), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (5), United States (83: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene of Canada (18: Saskatchewan), El Salvador (1), Honduras (4), Mexico (5), Panama (2), United States (511: Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of United States (47: Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (30: California, Florida, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Oligocene of United States (41: Florida, Montana, Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, Wyoming)

Total: 796 collections including 1090 occurrences

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