Astartella concentrica Conrad 1842 (clam)

Bivalvia - Carditida - Astartidae

Alternative combination: Nuculites concentrica

Synonyms: Astartella concentrica McChesney 1859, Edmondia concentrica McChesney 1859

Full reference: T. A. Conrad. 1842. Observations on the Silurian and Devonian systems of the United States, with descriptions of new organic remains. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8(2):228-280

Belongs to Astartella according to B. S. Kues 1991

See also Conrad 1842, Elias 1957, Girty 1915, Girty 1927, Gordon and Pojeta 1975, Hoare 1961, Hoare et al. 1989, Hoare et al. 1979, Kues et al. 2002, McChesney 1859, McChesney 1865, McChesney 1867 and Morningstar 1922

Sister taxa: Astartella adenticulata, Astartella ambiensis, Astartella aueri, Astartella cavernata, Astartella clinata, Astartella compacta, Astartella consimilis, Astartella doulingensis, Astartella gemmifera, Astartella guangxingensis, Astartella guthriensis, Astartella huangnijiangensis, Astartella meridionalis, Astartella minuta, Astartella multicostata, Astartella nasuta, Astartella obliqua, Astartella omolonica, Astartella permocarbonica, Astartella pindensis, Astartella progenetrix, Astartella pusilla, Astartella quadrata, Astartella qubuensis, Astartella raricostata, Astartella simulans, Astartella stefaniae, Astartella subquadrata, Astartella symmetrica, Astartella toyomensis, Astartella tunstallensis, Astartella vallisneriana, Astartella varica, Astartella vera

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Virgilian of United States (22: Illinois, Maryland, Texas collections)

• Desmoinesian of United States (16: Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma)

• Atokan of United States (1: Wyoming)

• Westphalian of United States (1: Kentucky)

• Carboniferous of Brazil (1), Mexico (2), United States (14: Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming)

Total: 57 collections each including a single occurrence

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