Family Spatangidae Gray 1825 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Spatangidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1825. An attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into natural families. Annals of Philosophy, new series 10:423-431

Parent taxon: Spatangidea according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Clark 1904, Djabarov 1964 and Fischer 1966

Sister taxa: Eupatangidae, Eurypatagidae, Loveniidae, Macropneustidae, Maretiidae, Megapneustidae

Subtaxa: Atelospatangus Isomicraster Laevipatagus Maretia Semipetalion Spatangus

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Type: Spatangus

Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Eritrea (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Belgium (1), United States (3: South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene of Belgium (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Cuba (1), Egypt (1), Greenland (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (13), New Zealand (2)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Germany (1)

• Eocene of the United Kingdom (3), United States (16: Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Cretaceous of Austria (1), Germany (2), Greenland (1), Turkmenistan (3), United States (3: Arkansas, Texas)

Total: 57 collections including 59 occurrences

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