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Carcharocles megalodon (megalodon)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Otodontidae

Taxonomy
Carcharias megalodon was named by Agassiz (1843). It is a 3D body fossil.

It was recombined as Carcharodon megalodon by Agassiz (1843), Cope (1868), Woodward (1889), Eastman (1904), Jordan and Gilbert (1919), Leriche (1942), Applegate and Espinosa-Arrubarrena (1996), Gottfried et al. (1996), Purdy et al. (2001), Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea (2003), Nieves-Rivera et al. (2003) and Aguilera and de Aguilera (2004); it was recombined as Procarcharodon megalodon by Casier (1960); it was recombined as Megaselachus megalodon by Gilkman (1964); it was recombined as Carcharocles megalodon by Ehret et al. (2009), Pimiento et al. (2010), Ehret et al. (2012), Boessenecker (2016), Hastings and Dooley (2017) and Kent (2018).

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1837Carcharias megalodon Charlesworth p. 225 figs. Fig. 24
1843Carcharias megalodon Agassiz p. 247 figs. Fig. 24
1843Carcharodon megalodon Agassiz p. 247 figs. Plate XXIX
1858Carcharodon ferox Emmons p. 227 figs. Fig. 50
1858Carcharodon triangularis Emmons p. 232 figs. Fig. 59
1868Carcharodon megalodon Cope p. 142
1889Carcharodon megalodon Woodward p. 415
1904Carcharodon megalodon Eastman p. 82
1919Carcharodon megalodon Jordan and Gilbert p. 22
1942Carcharodon megalodon Leriche p. 74
1960Procarcharodon megalodon Casier
1964Megaselachus megalodon Gilkman
1996Carcharodon megalodon Applegate and Espinosa-Arrubarrena p. 31
1996Carcharodon megalodon Gottfried et al. p. 57
2001Carcharodon megalodon Purdy et al. p. 131
2003Carcharodon megalodon Nieves-Rivera et al. p. 224
2003Carcharodon megalodon Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea p. 123
2004Carcharodon megalodon Aguilera and de Aguilera p. 368
2009Carcharocles megalodon Ehret et al. p. 3
2010Carcharocles megalodon Pimiento et al. p. 3
2012Carcharocles megalodon Ehret et al.
2016Carcharocles megalodon Boessenecker p. 3
2017Carcharocles megalodon Hastings and Dooley p. 83
2018Carcharocles megalodon Kent p. 88

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
RankNameAuthor
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Selachii
superorderGaleomorphi
orderLamniformesBerg 1958
familyOtodontidae
genusCarcharoclesJordan 1923
speciesmegalodon()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:21
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:21
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Paleocene to the top of the Waipipian or 66.00000 to 3.00000 Ma

Collections (254 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleocene - Cretaceous66.0 - 66.0USA (South Carolina) Carcharodon megalodon (152239)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (South Australia) Carcharodon megalodon (159889)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Japan (Yamaguchi) Carcharodon megalodon (127382)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Malta (Bahrija) Carcharocles megalodon (161388)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Italy Carcharodon megalodon (47623)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Austria Carcharodon megalodon (76129)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Germany Procarcharodon megalodon (70360)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India Carcharodon megalodon (87485)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Slovakia Procarcharodon megalodon (47461)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Venezuela (Paraguana) Carcharodon megalodon (118106)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588USA (California) Carcharocles megalodon (152485)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Mexico (Baja California Sur) Carcharodon megalodon (154118)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Italy (Emilia-Romagna) Carcharodon megalodon (152241 152242 152243)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Italy (Toscana) Carcharodon megalodon (152247 152249)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Australia (Victoria) Carcharodon megalodon (154112)
Opoitian - Castlecliffian5.333 - 0.34New Zealand (Wellington) Carcharodon megalodon (152191)
Waipipian3.6 - 3.0New Zealand (Hawera) Carcharodon megalodon (28039)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Mexico (Baja California) Carcharodon megalodon (154115)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588United Kingdom (England) Carcharocles megalodon (152481 152482 152483 152484)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781Japan (Okinawa) Carcharodon megalodon (152398)