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Mirounga leonina (southern elephant seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Taxonomy
Phoca leonina was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant. Its type specimen is 1.

It was recombined as Otaria leonina by Gray (1850) and Gray (1866); it was recombined as Macrorhinus leonina by Gill (1866); it was recombined as Macrorhinus leoninus by Trouessart (1898), Trouessart (1904), Turner (1912) and Friant (1947); it was synonymized subjectively with Otaria byronia by Allen (1902); it was recombined as Mirounga leonina by Thomas (1911), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Riedman (1990), Ling and Bryden (1992), Rice (1998), Koretsky (2001), Deméré et al. (2003), Werdelin and Peigne (2010), Cullen et al. (2014) and Berta et al. (2018).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Phoca leonina Linnaeus p. 37
1850Otaria leonina Gray p. 47
1866Macrorhinus leonina Gill p. 6
1866Otaria leonina Gray p. 59
1898Macrorhinus leoninus Trouessart p. 377
1904Macrorhinus leoninus Trouessart p. 282
1911Mirounga leonina Thomas p. 133
1912Macrorhinus leoninus Turner p. 195
1947Macrorhinus leoninus Friant p. 5
1963Mirounga leonina Scheffer and Rice p. 4
1990Mirounga leonina Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
1992Mirounga leonina Ling and Bryden p. 1
1998Mirounga leonina Rice p. 47
2001Mirounga leonina Koretsky p. 87
2003Mirounga leonina Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2010Mirounga leonina Werdelin and Peigne p. 648
2014Mirounga leonina Cullen et al. p. 1471 figs. Figure 1
2018Mirounga leonina Berta et al. p. 210 figs. Fig. 4

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae
subfamilyMonachinaeTrouessart 1897
genusMiroungaGray 1827
speciesleonina()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available