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Bovinae

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1821Bovina Gray
1825Bovina Gray p. 342
1850Bovina Bonaparte p. 1
1980Bovinae Kurten and Anderson p. 335
1999Bovinae Hassanin and Douzery p. 893
2001Bovinae Grubb p. 375
2003Bovinae Hassanin and Douzery p. 223
2006Bovinae Croft et al. p. 1039
2008Bovinae Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 978 figs. Fig. 5
2008Bovinae Leslie, Jr. p. 1
2010Bovinae Gentry p. 753
2017Bovinae Cregut-Bonnoure and Tsoukala

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyBovidae
subfamilyBovinae(Gray 1821)
subfamilyBovinae(Gray 1821)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Reproduction: viviparousf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-09-22 12:01:17
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the MN 4 to the top of the Holocene or 16.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 15.97 Ma

Collections (974 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mongolia Eotragus sp. (85060)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Bosnia and Herzegovina Eotragus clavatus (198251)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Pakistan Sivoreas eremita (35041 35042) Sivoreas sondaari, Sivoreas eremita (34991)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda Simatherium demissum (22345 22390 22400 22418 22425 22462)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Tanzania Tragelaphus sp. (22058)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Taurotragus sp., Bovini indet., Tragelaphus strepsiceros, Tragelaphus angasi (22224)
Miocene - Pleistocene23.03 - 0.0117Ethiopia Tragelaphus sp. (22128)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Spain (Zaragoza) Eotragus sp. (40716)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia) Eotragus haplodon, Eotragus sansaniensis (39714)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Spain (Toledo) Miotragocerus sp. (40721)
Orleanian20.0 - 15.97Spain (Madrid) Miotragocerus sp. (40747)
MN 3 - MN 520.0 - 13.65France Eotragus sansaniensis (94801 191829)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Centre) Eotragus artenensis (69116)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Spain (Castile-La Mancha) Eotragus artenensis (136269)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Eotragus sp. (69098)
MN 4 - MN 516.9 - 13.65Greece (Macedonia) Eotragus sp. (73861)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Germany (Bayern) Eotragus sansaniensis (45613)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France (Aquitaine Region) Eotragus sansaniensis (31326)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France Eotragus sansaniensis (90354 148401)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62France (Midi-Pyrenees) Eotragus sansaniensis (32191)