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Bovini

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

Taxonomy
Bovini was named by Gray (1821). It is extant.

It was assigned to Bovinae by Hassanin and Douzery (1999), Grubb (2001), Hassanin and Douzery (2003), Croft et al. (2006) and Gentry (2010).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1821Bovini Gray
1999Bovini Hassanin and Douzery p. 893
2001Bovini Grubb p. 375
2003Bovini Hassanin and Douzery p. 223
2006Bovini Croft et al. p. 1039
2010Bovini Gentry p. 752

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyBovidae
subfamilyBovinae(Gray 1821)
tribeBoviniGray 1821
tribeBoviniGray 1821

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Reproduction: viviparousf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-09-22 12:01:17
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Miocene to the top of the Holocene or 11.60800 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 7.246 Ma

Collections (670 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Bovini indet. (22224)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene15.97 - 0.781Netherlands Bison priscus, Bos taurus (189573)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Bovini indet. (22241)
Tortonian - Zanclean11.62 - 3.6Ethiopia Bovini indet. (22139) Ugandax sp., Ugandax gautieri (22179)
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Bovini indet. (22235 22242)
Late/Upper Miocene - Piacenzian11.608 - 2.588Kenya Bovini indet. (22237)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Kenya Ugandax sp. (22274)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Bovini indet. (59839)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588South Africa (Cape) Bovini indet. (59167)
Messinian - Calabrian7.246 - 0.781Kenya Bovini indet. (22267)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Ethiopia Bovini indet. (22160)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588South Africa Syncerus acoelotus (22354)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ethiopia (Afar) Pelorovis sp., Syncerus sp. (70907)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Russian Federation (Rostovskaya Oblast') Bison sp. (39409)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Chad Bovini indet. (22505) Syncerus sp. (22506)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ethiopia Bovini indet. (22129)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Panjab) Bovini indet. (51104)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Malawi Bovini indet. (22271) B. sp. (22559)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Bovini indet. (22239)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Kenya Bovini indet. (22234)