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Manfredaster bulbiferus

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Stauranderasteridae

Taxonomy
Oreaster bulbiferus was named by Forbes (1848). It is not extant. Its type specimen is Geological Survey of Great Britain.

It was recombined as Pentaceros bulbiferus by Valette (1902) and Spencer (1905); it was recombined as Stauranderaster bulbiferus by Spencer (1907), Spencer (1908), Spencer (1913), Valette (1915), Mercier (1935), Mercier (1936) and Schulz and Weitschat (1971); it was recombined as Aspidaster bulbiferus by Spencer and Wright (1966), Breton (1978) and Helm (1997); it was recombined as Manfredaster bulbiferus by Villier et al. (2004).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Oreaster bulbiferus Forbes p. 468
1850Oreaster bulbiferus Forbes pp. 328-329 figs. pl. 24, fig. 27
1862Oreaster bulbiferus Dujardin and Hupé p. 389
1882Oreaster bulbiferus Carpenter pp. 531-533 figs. text-fig.
1902Pentaceros bulbiferus Valette pp. 20-22 figs. fig. 1-12
1905Pentaceros bulbiferus Spencer pp. 77-79 figs. pl. 20, fig. 1-2; pl. 21, fig. 1, 3-4; pl. 23, fig. 2
1907Stauranderaster bulbiferus Spencer pp. 119-120 figs. figs. 4, 25, 30, 31, 34
1908Stauranderaster bulbiferus Spencer p. 135
1913Stauranderaster bulbiferus Spencer pp. 133-134 figs. fig. b, pl. 13, figs. 1-10
1915Stauranderaster bulbiferus Valette pp. 44-46 figs. fig. 15
1935Stauranderaster bulbiferus Mercier p. 35 figs. pl. 2, fig. 3a-f
1936Stauranderaster bulbiferus Mercier p. 24
1966Aspidaster bulbiferus Spencer and Wright p. U55 figs. fig. 51.3
1971Stauranderaster bulbiferus Schulz and Weitschat p. 129 figs. pl. 26, fig. 5
1978Aspidaster bulbiferus Breton pp. 14-16 figs. pl. 1, fig. 1
1997Aspidaster bulbiferus Helm p. 115 figs. fig. 21
2004Manfredaster bulbiferus Villier et al. p. 40

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumAsterozoa
classAsteroidea
RankNameAuthor
subclassAmbuloasteroidea
infraclassNeoasteroidea()
superorderValvatacea
orderValvatida
familyStauranderasteridae
genusManfredaster
speciesbulbiferus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. Villier et al. 2004Disk highly domed. Arms triangular, high. Primary interradial plates large, highly domed with a conical to rounded external face and a lobate, thick base. Abactinal plates, lobate, punctuated of varying size. R/r ratio nearly equals to two. In external view, radial plates of the arm hexagonal near the arm tip and T-shape in the constricted part of the arm. External face of plates with a depressed margin and raised central area with large granule pits.