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Stauranderaster coronatus

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Stauranderasteridae

Taxonomy
Oreaster coronatus was named by Forbes (1848). It is not extant. Its type specimen is Natural History Museum, London, holotype BNHM OR 35480. It is the type species of Stauranderaster.

It was recombined as Pentaceros coronatus by Spencer (1905); it was recombined as Stauranderaster coronatus by Spencer (1907), Spencer (1913), Valette (1915), Spencer and Wright (1966), Smith et al. (1988) and Lewis (1993).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Oreaster coronatus Forbes p. 467
1850Oreaster coronatus Forbes pp. 327-328 figs. pl. 21, fig. 7
1862Oreaster coronatus Dujardin and Hupé p. 369
1882Oreaster coronatus Carpenter p. 530
1905Pentaceros coronatus Spencer pp. 82-83 figs. pl. 19, fig. 1; pl. 24, fig. 2; pl. 25, fig. 9
1907Stauranderaster coronatus Spencer p. 114 figs. fig. 7, 28
1913Stauranderaster coronatus Spencer p. 135
1915Stauranderaster coronatus Valette p. 56
1966Stauranderaster coronatus Spencer and Wright p. U55 figs. fig. 51.2
1988Stauranderaster coronatus Smith et al. pp. 193-194 figs. pl. 41, fig. 2
1993Stauranderaster coronatus Lewis p. 65

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumAsterozoa
classAsteroidea
RankNameAuthor
subclassAmbuloasteroidea
infraclassNeoasteroidea()
superorderValvatacea
orderValvatida
familyStauranderasteridae
genusStauranderaster
speciescoronatus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
W. K. Spencer 1907Body pentagonal with prolonged arms; disc thick, convex, and coronated with a circle of large, more or less polygonal nodose pyramidal tubercules (spines). Ossicles of disc variable in size and very irregular in shape; towards the center for the most part largest.