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Calliderma smithiae

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Goniasteridae

Taxonomy
Goniaster (Astrogonium) smithii was named by Forbes (1848). It is not extant. Its type specimen is holotype BNHM OR 75997.

It was corrected as Goniaster (Astrogonium) smithiae by Morris (1854); it was recombined as Astrogonium smithii by Dujardin and Hupé (1862); it was recombined as Goniaster smithii by Quenstedt (1876); it was recombined as Calliderma smithiae by Sladen (1891), Spencer (1907), Spencer (1913), Spencer and Wright (1966), Schulz and Weitschat (1971), Schulz and Weitschat (1975), Gale (1987), Gale (1989), Breton (1992), Néraudeau and Breton (1993) and Lewis (1993).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Goniaster (Astrogonium) latus Forbes p. 474
1848Goniaster (Astrogonium) smithii Forbes p. 474
1848Goniaster (Astrogonium) mosaicus Forbes p. 475
1850Goniaster (Astrogonium) latus Forbes pp. 333-334 figs. pl. 23 fig. 4-5
1850Goniaster (Astrogonium) mosaicus Forbes p. 334 figs. pl. 14 fig. 26
1850Goniaster (Astrogonium) smithii Forbes p. 334 figs. pl. 22 fig. 1-2
1854Goniaster (Astrogonium) latus Morris p. 80
1854Goniaster (Astrogonium) mosaicus Morris p. 80
1854Goniaster (Astrogonium) smithiae Morris p. 80
1862Astrogonium latum Dujardin and Hupé p. 399
1862Astrogonium mosaicum Dujardin and Hupé p. 399
1862Astrogonium smithii Dujardin and Hupé p. 399
1876Goniaster smithii Quenstedt p. 64 figs. pl. 92 fig. 18
1882Astrogonium latus Carpenter p. 529
1882Astrogonium mosaicus Carpenter p. 529
1891Calliderma smithiae Sladen pp. 6-9 figs. pl. 1, fig. 1; pl. 8, fig. 2
1891Calliderma mosaicum Sladen pp. 9-12 figs. pl. 5, fig. 2; pl. 6, fig. 1-2; pl. 7, f
1891Calliderma latum Sladen pp. 12-14 figs. pl. 2 fig. 1-2; pl. 3 fig. 1-3
1907Calliderma smithiae Spencer p. 115 figs. fig. 8
1907Calliderma latum Spencer p. 116 figs. fig. 10
1913Calliderma latum Spencer p. 129
1913Calliderma smithiae Spencer p. 129 figs. pl. 12 figs. 22, 25, 29
1966Calliderma smithiae Spencer and Wright p. U59 figs. fig. 55.6
1971Calliderma smithiae Schulz and Weitschat pp. 118-119 figs. pl. 25 fig. 14-18
1975Calliderma smithiae Schulz and Weitschat pp. 271-272
1987Calliderma smithiae Gale pp. 170-172 figs. fig. 4d-f; pl. 1, fig. 1-2; pl. 2, fig.
1989Calliderma smithiae Gale p. 283 figs. fig. 3
1992Calliderma smithiae Breton pp. 294-297
1993Calliderma smithiae Lewis pp. 50-51
1993Calliderma smithiae Néraudeau and Breton p. 112

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumAsterozoa
classAsteroidea
RankNameAuthor
subclassAmbuloasteroidea
infraclassNeoasteroidea()
superorderValvatacea
orderValvatida
familyGoniasteridae
genusCalliderma
speciessmithiae()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
G. Breton 1992Large size flattened body. Abactinal surface more or less flexible, probably inflated in living conditions. Oral face flat. Outline stellate to pentagonal. R more than twice r. Arm wide at the base, tapering gradually to the tip. Interradial arc regularly rounded. Marginal tall, with a well-defined gutter at the contact between superomarginals and inferomarginals. This gutter-like structure results from the swollen shape of the marginals but is more or less pronounced. Marginals numerous (15 to 30 inferomarginals per par half-interradial arc), short with lateral faces weakly differentiated, flattened. Granule pits hexagonal dense and from homogeneous to varying size. Pedicellariae pits varying from rounded, oval to winged-type, folded or not.