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Tursiops truncatus (common bottlenose dolphin)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Delphinidae

Taxonomy
Tursio truncatus was named by Gray (1866) [Hershkovitz (1966) states that Delphinus nesarnack (Lacepede, 1804) represents the same species, but that no one has used the name since it's inception. Thus, he conserves Tursiops truncatus for this species.]. It is extant. Its type specimen is BMNH 353 h-62.7.18.15, a skull. Its type locality is Duncannon Pool, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom. It is the type species of Tursio.

It was recombined as Delphinus truncatus by Montagu (1821) and Hassanin et al. (2012); it was synonymized subjectively with Delphinus tursio by Gray (1846) and Gray (1846); it was synonymized subjectively with Tursiops tursio by Trouessart (1898) and Trouessart (1904); it was recombined as Tursiops truncatus by True (1903), Sherman (1952), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Barnes (1990), Vidal (1991), Mead and Potter (1995), Rice (1998), Mead and Brownell (2005), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Uhen et al. (2008), Geisler et al. (2011), Moura et al. (2013) and Perrin et al. (2013).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1789Tursiops tursio Bonnaterre
1804Delphinus nesarnack Lacépède p. 307
1821Delphinus truncatus Montagu p. 75 figs. Plate 3
1828Phocoena compressicauda Lesson p. 199
1844Delphinus catalania Gray
1846Tursiops communis Fitzing p. 75
1846Delphinus compressicauda Gray p. 37
1846Delphinus cymodoce Gray p. 38
1846Delphinus eurynome Gray p. 38
1846Tursiops eurynome Gray p. 38 figs. Pl. 17
1850Delphinus compressicauda Gray p. 109
1850Delphinus eurynome Gray p. 111
1850Delphinus cymodoce Gray p. 113
1866Tursio catalania Gray p. 215
1866Tursio cymodoce Gray p. 215
1866Tursio eurynome Gray p. 215
1866Tursio truncatus Gray p. 215
1866Tursio cymodoce Gray p. 257
1866Tursio eurynome Gray p. 261
1866Tursio catalania Gray p. 262
1866Tursio compressicauda Gray p. 266
1866Steno gadamu Gray p. 394
1866Delphinus (Steno) gadamu Owen
1868Clymenia gudamu Gray p. 6
1868Tursio catalania Gray p. 6
1868Tursio cymodoce Gray p. 6
1868Tursio eurynome Gray p. 6
1868Tursio truncatus Gray p. 6
1885Tursiops tursio True p. 338
1886Tursiops parvimanus Van Beneden p. 100
1887Tursiops tursio Lydekker p. 81
1889Tursiops coerulescens Giglioli
1891Tursiops tursio Newton p. 80
1898Tursiops compressicauda Trouessart p. 1030
1898Tursiops parvimanus Trouessart p. 1031
1903Tursiops truncatus True p. 314
1904Tursiops parvimanus Trouessart p. 764
1904Tursiops tursio Trouessart p. 764
1908Tursiops gephyreus Lahille
1912Tursiops tursio Turner p. 135
1934Tursiops maugeanus Iredale and Troughton
1940Tursiops ponticus Barabash-Nikiforov
1952Tursiops truncatus Sherman p. 99
1961Delphinus nesarnack Hershkovitz p. 550
1963Tursiops truncatus Scheffer and Rice p. 7
1966Tursiops truncatus Hershkovitz p. 52
1990Tursiops truncatus Barnes p. 11
1991Tursiops truncatus Vidal p. 5
1995Tursiops truncatus Mead and Potter p. 37
1998Tursiops truncatus Rice p. 105
2005Tursiops truncatus Mead and Brownell p. 734
2008Tursiops truncatus Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 2
2008Tursiops truncatus Uhen et al. p. 594
2011Tursiops truncatus Geisler et al. p. 6 figs. Table 1
2012Delphinus truncatus Hassanin et al. p. 43 figs. Fig. 1
2013Tursiops truncatus Moura et al. p. 870 figs. Figure 2
2013Tursiops truncatus Perrin et al. p. 571 figs. Table 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
Odontoceti()
infraorderDelphinida
superfamilyDelphinoidea
familyDelphinidae
subfamilyDelphininae
genusTursiops
speciestruncatus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available