Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Phocoena

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Phocoenidae

Taxonomy
Phocaena was named by Cuvier (1816) [Sepkoski's age data: T Mi-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 746]. It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Geisler et al. (2011).

It was reranked as Delphinus (Phocaena) by Lankester (1864); it was corrected as Phocoena by Gray (1870), Gill (1872), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Kasuya (1973), Gaskin et al. (1974), Brownell (1975), Barnes (1977), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Jefferson (1988), Vidal (1991), Rice (1998), Fordyce and de Muizon (2001), Geisler and Sanders (2003), Mead and Brownell (2005), Fajardo-Mellor et al. (2006), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Geisler et al. (2011), Murakami et al. (2014), Colpaert et al. (2015) and Marx et al. (2016).

It was assigned to Monoceratina by Gray (1846); to Delphinus by Lankester (1864); to Phocaenina by Gray (1825), Gray (1864) and Gray (1868); to Delphinidae by Gray (1821), De Kay (1842), Gray (1846), Gray (1850), Gray (1863), Owen (1866), Gray (1866), Scammon and Cope (1869), Gray (1870), Ameghino (1889), Cope (1890), Newton (1891), Trouessart (1904), Palmer (1904), Turner (1912), Jordan and Gilbert (1919) and Kellogg (1928); to Phocaeninae by Weber (1928); to Phocininae by Fraser and Purves (1960); to Delphininae by Flower (1867), Gill (1871), Gill (1872) and Scheffer and Rice (1963); to Phocaenidae by Simpson (1945), Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott (1951) and Carroll (1988); to Phocoeninae by Kasuya (1973), Barnes (1985), de Muizon (1988), Vidal (1991), McKenna and Bell (1997) and Fordyce and de Muizon (2001); to Cetacea by Sepkoski (2002); and to Phocoenidae by Hershkovitz (1966), Gaskin et al. (1974), Brownell (1975), Barnes (1977), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Jefferson (1988), Rice (1998), Geisler and Sanders (2003), Mead and Brownell (2005), Fajardo-Mellor et al. (2006), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Geisler et al. (2011), Murakami et al. (2014), Colpaert et al. (2015) and Marx et al. (2016).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1816Phocaena Cuvier p. 279
1821Phocaena Gray p. 310
1825Phocaena Gray p. 340
1842Phocaena De Kay p. 133
1846Phocaena Gray p. 30
1850Phocaena Gray p. 81
1863Phocaena Gray p. 201
1864Phocaena Gray p. 245
1864Delphinus (Phocaena) Lankester p. 356
1866Phocaena Gray p. 301
1866Phocaena (Acanthodelphis) Gray p. 304
1866Phocaena Owen p. 24
1867Phocaena Flower p. 115
1868Acanthodelphis Gray p. 8
1868Phocaena Gray p. 8
1869Phocaena Scammon and Cope p. 21
1870Acanthodelphis Gray p. 772
1870Phocoena Gray p. 772
1871Phocaena Gill p. 125
1872Phocoena Gill p. 95
1889Phocaena Ameghino p. 886
1890Phocaena Cope p. 609
1891Phocaena Newton p. 80
1904Acanthodelphis Palmer p. 72
1904Phocaena Palmer p. 532
1904Phocaena Trouessart p. 769
1912Phocaena Turner p. 104
1919Phocaena Jordan and Gilbert p. 59
1928Phocaena Kellogg p. 33 figs. Table 1
1928Phocaena Weber p. 389
1945Phocaena Simpson p. 104
1951Phocaena Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott p. 728
1960Phocaena Fraser and Purves p. 112 figs. Figure 26
1963Phocoena Scheffer and Rice p. 5
1966Phocoena Hershkovitz p. 100
1973Phocoena Kasuya p. 61
1974Phocoena Gaskin et al. p. 1
1975Phocoena Brownell p. 1
1977Phocoena Barnes p. 323 figs. Table 1
1983Phocoena Brownell
1984Phocoena Brownell and Praderi p. 1
1985Australophocaena Barnes p. 153
1985Phocaena Barnes p. 161
1988Phocaena Carroll
1988Australophocaena Jefferson
1988Phocoena Jefferson
1988Phocaena de Muizon p. 162
1988Australophocaena de Muizon p. 163
1991Phocoena Vidal p. 5
1997Australophocaena McKenna and Bell p. 391
1997Phocaena McKenna and Bell p. 391
1998Phocoena Rice p. 123
2001Phocoena Fordyce and de Muizon p. 179
2002Phocaena Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Phocoena Geisler and Sanders p. 28
2005Phocoena Mead and Brownell p. 736
2006Phocoena Fajardo-Mellor et al. p. 927
2008Australophocaena Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 5
2008Phocoena Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 5
2011Phocoena Geisler et al. p. 6 figs. Table 1
2014Phocoena Murakami et al. p. 502 figs. Figure 7
2015Phocoena Colpaert et al. p. 9 figs. Figure 8
2016Phocoena Marx et al. p. 137

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
suborderOdontoceti
infraorderDelphinida
superfamilyDelphinoidea
familyPhocoenidae()
genusPhocoena(Cuvier 1816)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available