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Polymorphinidae

Nodosariata - Polymorphinida - Polymorphinidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1839Polymorphinidae d'Orbigny
1927Polymorphinidae Cushman p. 48
1948Polymorphinidae Dorreen p. 289
1964Polymorphinidae Bertels p. 149
1984Polymorphinidae Loeblich and Tappan
1987Polymorphinidae Loeblich and Tappan p. 416
2009Polymorphinidae Margerel p. 598
2012Polymorphinidae Margerel
2022Polymorphinidae Missotti

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomChromistaCavalier-Smith 1981
subkingdomRhizaria()
phylumForaminifera(Eichwald 1830)
classNodosariata
RankNameAuthor
orderPolymorphinida
familyPolymorphinidaed'Orbigny 1839
familyPolymorphinidaed'Orbigny 1839

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Polymorphinidae d'Orbigny 1839
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G. †Bullopora Quenstedt 1856
G. †Enantiodentalina Marie 1941
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Invalid names: Paradentalina Uchio 1960 [synonym]
Subfm. Falsoguttulininae Loeblich and Tappan 1932
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G. †Falsoguttulina Bartenstein and Brand 1949
G. Fissuripolymorphina McCulloch 1977
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Fissuripolymorphina plana Margerel 2009
G. Polymorphina d'Orbigny 1826
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Polymorphina beckerae Bertels 1964
Polymorphina frondea Cushman 1922
Subfm. Polymorphininae Cushman 1927
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G. Dimorphina d'Orbigny 1826
G. Globulina d'Orbigny 1839
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Globulina gibba d'Orbigny 1832
Globulina gravida Terquem 1878
Globulina inaequalis Reuss 1850
G. Guttulina d'Orbigny 1839
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Guttulina communis d'Orbigny 1826
Guttulina irregularis d'Orbigny 1846
Guttulina lactea Walker and Jacob 1798
Guttulina luisae Bertels 1964
Guttulina problema d'Orbigny 1826
G. Pyrulina d'Orbigny 1839
G. Sigmoidella Cushman and Ozawa 1928
G. Pseudopolymorphina Cushman and Ozawa 1928
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G. Sigmomorphina Cushman and Ozawa 1928
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Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
A. R. Loeblich and H. Tappan 1987d'Orbigny (1839): Shell free, irregular, inequilateral, composed of alternate compartments, but not even in their parts, the alternation taking place on two or three distinct axes. Contexture of the shell vitreous, translucent, most often shiny.

Loeblich and Tappan (1987): Test with chambers spirally arranged about a vertical axis, strongly overlapping toward the early part of the test; rounded, slitlike, or radiate aperture at the distal end. U. Triassic to Holocene.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryo
Life habit: semi-infaunalo
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2007-11-28 00:47:02
Modified: 2009-05-20 05:31:44
Source: o = order
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Brigantian to the top of the Holocene or 336.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 330.9 Ma

Collections (395 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Brigantian336.0 - 330.9France Cribrospira panderi (34565)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy Bullopora sp. (67739)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy Bullopora sp. (23570)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy Bullopora sp. (67723)
Oretian227.5 - 221.0New Zealand Polymorphinidae indet. (137846)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Iran Bullopora sp. (37044)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Papua New Guinea Eoguttulina sp., Guttulina sp. (67687)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Philippines Bullopora sp. (24144)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Austria Bullopora tuberculata, Bullopora sp. (38056 38057 38058 38059)
Late/Upper Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6Spain Eoguttulina liassica (73765)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Spain Eoguttulina liassica (73766 73782)
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Spain Eoguttulina liassica (73734 73735 73736 73737 73767 73768 73783)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0Spain (Cantabria) Eoguttulina palomerensis (222307)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Bavaria) Eoguttulina liassica, Eoguttulina bilocularis (51270)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Spain Eoguttulina liassica (73784)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Spain (Cantabria) Eoguttulina liassica (222264 222268 222310)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0Spain (Cantabria) Eoguttulina liassica (222278)
Tenuicostatum183.0 - 182.0Spain (Cantabria) Eoguttulina liassica (222309) Eoguttulina palomerensis (222244) Eoguttulina palomerensis, Eoguttulina liassica (222254)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Spain Eoguttulina liassica (73738 73769 73770 73771) Eoguttulina liassica, Eoguttulina oolithica (73741) Eoguttulina oolithica (73742)
Bifrons182.0 - 175.6Spain (Cantabria) Eoguttulina liassica (222311 222312 222313)