Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Phoca vitulina (harbor seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Taxonomy
Phoca vitulina was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant.

It was recombined as Callocephalus vitulinus by Gray (1850); it was recombined as Callocephalus vitulina by Gray (1866); it was recombined as Phoca (Phoca) vitulina by Allen (1880), Trouessart (1898) and Friant (1947).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Phoca vitulina Linnaeus p. 38
1847Phoca vitulina Nilsson p. 276
1848Halichoerus antarcticus Peale
1850Callocephalus vitulinus Gray p. 21
1866Phoca vitulina Gill p. 5
1866Callocephalus vitulina Gray p. 20
1871Halicyon pealei Gray p. 2
1880Phoca (Phoca) vitulina Allen p. 559
1898Phoca (Phoca) vitulina Trouessart p. 384
1902Phoca vitulina Hay p. 783
1904Phoca vitulina Trouessart p. 286
1911Phoca vitulina Thomas p. 134
1912Phoca vitulina Turner p. 179
1925Phoca vitulina Alekseev p. 138
1930Phoca vitulina Hay p. 562
1947Phoca (Phoca) vitulina Friant p. 7
1963Phoca vitulina Scheffer and Rice p. 3
1980Phoca vitulina Kurten and Anderson p. 204
1990Phoca vitulina Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
1991Phoca vitulina Vidal p. 6
2001Phoca vitulina Koretsky p. 85
2003Phoca vitulina Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2004Phoca vitulina Davis et al. p. 365
2008Phoca vitulina Koretsky and Barnes p. 547
2014Phoca vitulina Cullen et al. p. 1471 figs. Figure 1
2018Phoca vitulina Berta et al. p. 210 figs. Fig. 2
2019Phoca vitulina Kienle and Berta

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae()
subfamilyPhocinae
genusPhoca
speciesvitulina

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available