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Barbourofelidae

Mammalia - Carnivora - Barbourofelidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1970Barbourofelinae Schultz et al.
1991Barbourofelinae Bryant p. 71
2004Barbourofelidae Morlo et al. p. 45
2007Barbourofelinae Morales et al. p. 81
2008Barbourofelinae Slater and Van Valkenburgh p. 407
2010Barbourofelinae Tseng et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
familyBarbourofelidae(Schultz et al. 1970)
familyBarbourofelidae(Schultz et al. 1970)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. Morlo et al. 2004Barbourofelidae are distinguished by the following: loss of P1/, M2/, P/1 and M/2; plesiomorphic tooth formula 3131/3131; apomorphic species additionally lose P2/ and P/2; scimitar-like sabreteeth with crenulations on, at least, the posterior border of upper canines; upper canines markedly compressed with vertical grooves present; strong relationships between the eruption of the upper canines and the development of other sabretooth features, especially the mandibular flange (see Peigné & de Bonis, 2003); no anterior cusp on P/3, but distinct and sometimes large posterior accessory cusp on P/3-4; protoconid of M/1 relatively tall (at least in early taxa); talonid of M/1 extremely reduced, and markedly more so than the metaconid; reduction of the talonid before the metaconid on M/1; angular chin on mandible (genial flange in the apomorphic genera) and slightly (Afrosmilus turkanae) to strongly (other taxa) curved mandibular body; short horizontal proseptum in the anteromedial corner of the auditory bulla; early and complete fusion of elements making up the bulla. In addition to those features, the Barbourofelidae differ from the Nimravidae (primitive taxa) by the following: fully ossified bulla invading the mastoid; thin wall of the caudal entotympanic, not composed of three layers as in Nimravidae; petrosal not deeply recessed in the basicranium; absence of the postglenoid foramen; presence of a parastyle on P4/; protocone on P4/located further back; bulla more anteriorly located (than in the most primitive felid genera such as Proailurus and Pseudaelurus) and consequently a more anteriorly placed foramen ovale which is close to the posterior opening of the alisphenoid canal (except Barbourofelis); a shortened palate; lateral walls of the nasopharynx converging posteriorly; broad metacarpals (known from Sansanosmilus palmidens and Barbourofelis fricki only).
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoreo
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Created: 2005-08-26 13:31:06
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:31:06
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the MN 4 to the top of the MN 9 or 16.90000 to 9.70000 Ma

Collections (44 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Namibia (Karas) Afrosmilus africanus (168036 175698)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Namibia Afrosmilus africanus (70807)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Uganda B. sp. (190022)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Uganda Ginsburgsmilus napakensis (28441)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Afrosmilus africanus (83629)
Orleanian20.0 - 15.97France Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (142146)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (69098)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Alsac) Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (69106)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Centre) Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (69116)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Germany (Bavaria) Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (28629)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Gers) Prosansanosmilus perigrinus (69099)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62France (Midi-Pyrenees) Sansanosmilus palmidens (32191)
Langhian - Tortonian15.97 - 7.246France (Maine-et-Loire) Prosansanosmilus peregrinus (142149)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62China (Ningxia) Sansanosmilus sp. (42539)
MN 613.65 - 12.75Slovakia (Bratislava) Sansanosmilus jourdani (69711)
MN 6 - MN 7 + 813.65 - 11.1Germany (Bavaria) Sansanosmilus jourdani (73695)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (California) Barbourofelis lovei (19185) Barbourofelis osborni (19322 19323) Barbourofelis whitfordi (159702) Felidae indet. (19517)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Barbourofelis morrisi (18214 18227 18447) Barbourofelis sp. (18218) Barbourofelis whitfordi (18095 18467)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Texas) Barbourofelis whitfordi (18244 18355)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (South Dakota) Megantereon whitfordi (18063)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nevada) Sansanosmilus sp. (18845)
Early/Lower Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Barbourofelis whitfordi (18134)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Barbourofelis lovei (18554)
Clarendonian - Hemphillian13.6 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) Barbourofelis morrisi (18236)
MN 7 + 812.75 - 11.1Germany (Bavaria) Sansanosmilus jourdani (73696)
MN 7 + 812.75 - 11.1Spain Sansanosmilus jourdani (78058)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Spain (Segovia) Sansanosmilus jourdani (40768)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333China (Hebei) Sansanosmilus palmidens (38674)
MN 911.1 - 9.7Hungary (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) Sansanosmilus jourdani (75481)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nevada) Barbourofelis fricki (19060)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Oklahoma) Barbourofelis loveorum (18034)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Kansas) Barbourofelis sp. (18415)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) Barbourofelis fricki (18086)