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Spiriferoidea

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1846Spiriferacea King
1963Spiriferacea Talent p. 78
1974Spiriferacea Brunton and Champion p. 834
1975Spiriferoidea Johnson p. 969
1975Spiriferacea Pitrat p. 387
1978Spiriferacea Savage et al. p. 375
1997Spiriferoidea Jin and Chatterton
2003Spiriferoidea Shen et al. p. 242
2004Spiriferoidea Waterhouse
2006Spiriferoidea Williams et al. p. 1769

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderSpiriferida
suborderSpiriferidina
superfamilySpiriferoidea()
superfamilySpiriferoidea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Superfm. †Spiriferoidea King 1846
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Fm. †Choristitidae Waterhouse 1968
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Subfm. †Angiospiriferinae Legrand-Blain 1985
+
G. †Angiospirifer Legrand-Blain 1985
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Angiospirifer bisulcatus Sowerby 1825
Tr. †Angiospiriferini Legrand-Blain 1985
+
G. †Unicostatina Waterhouse 2004
+
Unicostatina subglobosa Clarke 1990
G. †Brachythyrina Frederiks 1929
+
Brachythyrina arctica Gobbett 1963
Brachythyrina boonlomi Waterhouse 2004
Brachythyrina byrangi Chernyak 1963
Brachythyrina gobbetti Shi and Waterhouse 1991
Brachythyrina jakovlevi Ivanova 1958
Brachythyrina lata Chao 1929
Brachythyrina rectangula Kutorga 1844
+
Invalid names: Spirifer trigonalis Martin 1809 [synonym]
Brachythyrina sibirica Chernyak 1963
Brachythyrina strangwaysi de Verneuil 1845
Brachythyrina tricostata Solomina 1988
Invalid names: Anelasmina Semikhatova 1939 [synonym]
G. †Elinoria Cooper and Muir-Wood 1951
+
Elinoria carnica Schellwien 1892
Elinoria komiensis Kalashnikov 1998
G. †Eobrachythyrina Lazarev and Poletaev 1982
Tr. †Georginakingiini Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Georginakingia Waterhouse 2004
+
Georginakingia avicula Morris 1845
G. †Varuna Waterhouse 2004
+
Varuna varuna Diener 1915
Subfm. †Choristitinae Waterhouse 1968
+
G. †Alphachoristites Gatinaud 1949
+
Alphachoristites trautscholdi Stuckenberg 1905
Invalid names: Trautscholdia Ustritsky 1967 [synonym]
G. †Choristites Fischer de Waldheim 1825
+
Choristites anikeevi Einor 1939
Choristites fritschi Schellwien 1892
Choristites glennfoxi Crickmay 1952
Choristites heritschi Gauri 1965
Choristites loeyensis Yanagida 1967
Choristites mosquensis Fischer 1825
Choristites pavlovi Stuckenberg 1905
Choristites poststriatus Ivanov and Ivanova 1937
Choristites priscus Eichwald 1840
Choristites sophiae Ilovaisky 1926
Choristites subnikitini Grabau 1934
Choristites taimyrensis Chernyak 1963
Choristites wutzuensis Ozaki 1931
G. †Parachoristites Barchatova 1968
+
Parachoristites carus Barchatova 1968
Parachoristites volongaensis Barchatova 1968
Subfm. †Tangshanellinae Carter 1994
+
G. †Alphaneospirifer Gatinaud 1949
+
+
Invalid names: Semibrachythyrina pyramidiformis Liang 1982 [synonym]
Invalid names: Semibrachythyrina [synonym]
+
Tangshanella byrangi Chernyak 1963
Tangshanella nakakuboensis Yanagida and Hirata 1969
Tangshanella taimyrica Einor 1939
G. †Zhejiangospirifer Liang 1982
+
Zhejiangospirifer giganteus Shen et al. 2003
Fm. †Imbrexiidae Carter 1992
+
G. †Fernglenia Carter 1992
G. †Imbrexia
G. †Tegulocrea Carter 1992
Fm. †Spiriferellidae Waterhouse 1968
+
G. †Alispiriferella Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
+
Alispiriferella gydanensis Zavodowsky 1968
Alispiriferella lita Fredericks 1924
+
Invalid names: Alispiriferella japonica Tazawa 2001 [synonym], Alispiriferella neimongolensis Wang and Zhang 2003 [synonym], Spiriferella grandis Kotlyar 1978 [synonym]
G. †Archboldiella Winkler Prins 2008
+
Archboldiella basleoensis Hayasaka and Hosono 1951
G. †Arcullina Waterhouse 1986
+
Arcullina angiolinii Waterhouse 2004
Arcullina barchatovae Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Arcullina editiareatus Einor 1939
Arcullina kupangensis Beyrich 1865
Arcullina mica Barchatova 1968
Arcullina oblata Waterhouse 1978
Arcullina polaris Wiman 1914
+
Invalid names: Spiriferella digna Barchatova 1968 [synonym], Spiriferella timanica Barchatova 1970 [synonym]
Arcullina qubuensis Zhang 1976
G. †Bamberina Waterhouse 2004
+
Bamberina annectens Cooper and Grant 1976
Bamberina cordiformis Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
G. †Elivina Fredericks 1924
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Elivina bisnaini Archbold and Barkham 1989
Elivina chapursani Angiolini 2001
Elivina compacta Girty 1908
Elivina occidentalis Schellwien 1900
Elivina termieri Waterhouse 2004
Elivina tibetana Diener 1897
Elivina tschernyschewi Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Elivina yunnanensis Shi et al. 1996
Subfm. †Elivininae Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Dissimiliplica Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Quispira Waterhouse 2004
+
Quispira detecta Cooper and Grant 1976
G. †Eridmatus Branson 1966
+
Eridmatus erjakhensis Kalashnikov 1998
Eridmatus marathonensis Cooper and Grant 1976
Eridmatus petita Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Eridmatus talbeicus Ifanova 1972
Eridmatus texanus Meek 1871
Subfm. †Hunzininae Angiolini 2001
+
G. †Aequalicosta Waterhouse 2004
+
Aequalicosta inflata Cooper and Grant 1976
Aequalicosta shumardi Cooper and Grant 1976
G. †Hunzina Angiolini 1995
+
Hunzina australasica Etheridge Jr. 1889
Hunzina cundlegoensis Archbold and Thomas 1985
Hunzina electa Angiolini 1995
Hunzina elegantula Hu 1983
Hunzina etheridgei Archbold and Thomas 1985
Hunzina tenuisulcata Merla 1934
G. †Plicatospiriferella Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
+
Plicatospiriferella canadensis Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Plicatospiriferella ploskajae Zavodovsky 1983
G. †Rhombospirifer Duan and Li 1985
+
Rhombospirifer zhensiensis Duan and Li 1985
G. †Spiriferella Tschernyschew 1902
+
Spiriferella antefurcata Liu and Waterhouse 1985
Spiriferella arctica Haughton 1858
Spiriferella bituchensis Abramov 1974
Spiriferella borealica Kalashnikov 1998
Spiriferella burgaliensis Zavodowsky 1968
Spiriferella calcarata Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella clypeata Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella consimilis Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Spiriferella embrithes Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella gloverae Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella gravis Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella grunti Waterhouse 2004
Spiriferella hinganensis Lee and Su 1980
Spiriferella hoskingae Archbold and Thomas 1985
Spiriferella interplicata Rothpletz 1892
Spiriferella keilhavii von Buch 1847
+
Invalid names: Spirifer draschei Toula 1875 [synonym], Spirifer wilczecki Toula 1873 [synonym]
Spiriferella keilhaviiformis Fredericks 1916
Spiriferella lata Lee and Su 1980
Spiriferella legrandblaini Waterhouse 2004
Spiriferella levis Cooper and Grant 1976
Spiriferella loveni Diener 1903
+
Invalid names: Spirifer parryanus Toula 1875 [replaced]
Spiriferella magna Fredericks 1916
Spiriferella modesta Waterhouse 1981
Spiriferella mugunica Pavlova 1991
Spiriferella nepalensis Legrand-Blain 1976
Spiriferella orientensis Archbold and Bird 1989
Spiriferella ovata Lee and Gu 1976
Spiriferella persaranae Grabau 1931
Spiriferella posterosulcata Viaretti et al. 2022
Spiriferella primaeva Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Spiriferella propria Cooper and Grant 1976
+
Invalid names: Spiriferella parva Cooper 1957 [synonym]
Spiriferella pseudotibetana Stepanov 1937
+
Invalid names: Spiriferella nalivkini Kulikov 1939 [synonym]
Spiriferella rajah Salter 1865
Spiriferella salteri Tschernyschew 1902
Spiriferella saranae de Verneuil 1845
+
Invalid names: Spiriferella kolymaensis Zavodowsky 1970 [synonym]
Spiriferella scobina Meek 1860
Spiriferella scobinoidea Cooper 1953
Spiriferella simplex Grabau 1931
Spiriferella sinica Zhang 1976
Spiriferella subsalteri Shen et al. 2003
Spiriferella sulcifer Shumard 1858
Spiriferella supplanta Waterhouse 1964
Spiriferella tetralobata Lee and Gu 1976
Spiriferella turusica Chernyak 1963
Spiriferella vaskovskii Zavodowsky 1968
Spiriferella vojnowskii Ifanova 1972
Spiriferella wangi Liu and Waterhouse 1985
Spiriferella wimanni Grabau 1931
Spiriferella yukonensis Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Invalid names: Tintoriella Angiolini 1996 [synonym]
Subfm. †Spiriferellinae Waterhouse 1968
+
G. †Canalisella Waterhouse 2004
+
Canalisella leviplica Waterhouse and Waddington 1982
Canalisella sinensis Liu and Waterhouse 1985
G. †Nakimusiella Shen et al. 2001
+
Nakimusiella selongensis Shen et al. 2001
G. †Timaniella Barchatova 1968
+
Timaniella convexa Shi and Waterhouse 1996
Timaniella festa Barchatova 1968
Timaniella harkeri Waterhouse 1971
Timaniella magniplicata Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Timaniella vasjagensis Ifanova 1972
G. †Tipispirifer Grant 1976
+
Tipispirifer oppilatus Grant 1976
Tipispirifer psittacus Merla 1934
Fm. †Spiriferidae King 1846
+
G. †Allanaria Crickmay 1953
Subfm. †Gypospiriferinae Waterhouse 2004
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G. †Ovispirifer Waterhouse 2004
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Ovispirifer oldhamianus Waagen 1883
Subfm. †Prospirinae Carter 1974
+
G. †Atylephorus Sartenaer and Plodowski 1996
+
Atylephorus tornacensis de Koninck 1883
G. †Kinghiria
+
Parallelora subsuavis Plodowski 1968
G. †Prospira
+
Prospira burnettensis Maxwell 1961
Subfm. †Purdonellinae Poletaev 1986
+
G. †Darbandia Angiolini 2001
+
Darbandia vagabunda Angiolini 2001
+
Domokhotia junglensis Shi and Waterhouse 1996
G. †Eliva Frederiks 1924
+
Eliva depressa Liao and Meng 1986
Eliva lyra Kutorga 1844
Eliva mignon Grabau 1936
Eliva panduriformis Kutorga 1844
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Invalid names: Spirifer integricosta Moeller 1862 [synonym]
Eliva timorensis Archbold and Bird 1989
Eliva xinjiangensis Zhan and Wu 1987
G. †Nalivkiniella Özdikmen 2008
+
Nalivkiniella tau Nalivkin 1979
Invalid names: Ala Nalivkin 1979 [replaced]
G. †Neomunella Ozaki 1931
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Neomunella liaoi Chen 2004
G. †Podtsheremia Kalashnikov 1966
G. †Purdonella Reed 1944
+
Purdonella markovskii Zavodowsky 1968
Purdonella merlai Fantini Sestini 1965
Purdonella nikitini Tschernyschew 1902
Purdonella sadai Yanagida and Nishikawa 1984
Purdonella semiovalis Reed 1944
Purdonella soderberghi Dunbar 1955
Subfm. †Sergospiriferinae Carter 1994
+
G. †Afghanospirifer Plodowski 1968
+
G. †Anthracospirifer Lane 1963
+
Anthracospirifer leidyi Norwood and Pratten 1855
Anthracospirifer occiduus Sadlick 1960
+
Invalid names: Spirifer occidentalis Girty 1927 [replaced]
Anthracospirifer shawi Gordon 1975
Invalid names: Plicatocyrtia [synonym]
G. †Cancellospirifer Campbell 1953
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Cancellospirifer maxwelli Campbell 1953
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Kasakhstania osborni Harker 1960
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Sergospirifer marini Termier et al. 1974
Subfm. †Spiriferinae King 1846
+
+
Ectochoristites inflatus Carter 1967
G. †Grandispirifer Yang 1959
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Larispirifer balikelikeensis Chen and Shi 2006
Larispirifer ettrainensis Shi and Waterhouse 1996
Larispirifer fantinisestinii Angiolini and Stephenson 2008
Larispirifer jigulensis Stuckenberg 1898
Larispirifer tarimensis Zhan and Wu 1987
G. †Latispirifer Archbold and Thomas 1985
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Latispirifer amplissimus Archbold and Thomas 1985
Latispirifer archboldorum Winkler Prins 2008
Latispirifer callytharrensis Archbold and Thomas 1985
G. †Mesochorispira Carter 1992
+
G. †Spirifer Sowerby 1818
+
Subg. †Spirifer (Spirisosium) de Gregorio 1930
Spirifer acutiplicatus Hayasaka 1933
Spirifer albertensis Warren 1932
Spirifer argentarius Meek 1877
Spirifer baschkirica Tschernyschew 1902
Spirifer battu Gemmellaro 1899
Spirifer battus Gemmellaro 1899
Spirifer bistritzae Schellwien 1900
Spirifer brandis Klipstein 1843
Spirifer brazerianus Girty 1927
Spirifer byrangi Chernyak 1963
Spirifer cascadensis Warren 1927
Spirifer centronatus Shimer 1926
Spirifer chappelensis Carter 1967
Spirifer concentricus Lee and Su 1980
Spirifer crebristria Morris 1845
Spirifer dichotomus Braun 1841
Spirifer distefanii Gemmellaro 1899
Spirifer dvinaensis Licharew 1927
Spirifer enderlei Tschernyschew 1902
+
Invalid names: Spirifer acuticostatus Tschernyschew 1902 [replaced]
Spirifer engelgardthi Chernyak 1963
Spirifer gregeri Weller 1914
Spirifer haydenianus Girty 1927
Spirifer holodnensis Chernyak 1963
Spirifer incertus Li and Gu 1980
Spirifer increbescens Hall 1858
Spirifer insignis Hedström 1923
Spirifer jilinensis Li and Gu 1980
Spirifer lirellus Cvancara 1958
Spirifer macrus Hall 1867
Spirifer malistanensis Plodowski 1968
Spirifer mercurii Gosselet 1880
Spirifer missouriensis Swallow 1860
Spirifer munsteri Davidson 1851
Spirifer obtusus Gabb 1870
Spirifer opimus Hall 1858
Spirifer orthiformis Lepsius 1878
Spirifer pellaensis Weller 1914
Spirifer pentagonoides Plodowski 1968
Spirifer pentlandi d'Orbigny 1842
Spirifer piassinaensis Chernyak 1963
Spirifer postventricosus Tschernyschew 1902
Spirifer rakuszi Einor 1946
Spirifer rariplectus Braun 1841
Spirifer rockymontanus Marcou 1858
Spirifer schellwieni Tschernyschew 1902
Spirifer siculus Gemmellaro 1899
Spirifer sol Campbell and Engel 1963
Spirifer spitiensis Stoliczka 1865
Spirifer spurius Braun 1841
Spirifer striatus Martin 1809
Spirifer subgrandiformis Plodowski 1968
Spirifer subtrigonalis Gemmellaro 1899
Spirifer supracarbonicus Tschernyschew 1902
Spirifer supramosquensis Nikitin 1890
Spirifer tareiaensis Einor 1939
Spirifer undata Reed 1944
Spirifer uralicus Tschernyschew 1902
Spirifer utahensis Meek 1860
Invalid names: Spirifera Phillips 1836 [synonym]
G. †Warsawia Carter 1974
+
Warsawia lateralis Hall 1858
Invalid names: Brachythyrinae Fredericks 1928 [empty], Delthyrinae Waagen 1883 [empty]
Fm. †Trigonotretidae Schuchert 1893
+
Subfm. †Costuloplicinae Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Costuloplica Waterhouse 2004
+
Costuloplica robertsi Waterhouse 2004
Costuloplica senilis Maxwell 1964
Subfm. †Neospiriferinae Waterhouse 1968
+
G. †Betaneospirifer Gatinaud 1949
+
Betaneospirifer marcoui Waagen 1883
Betaneospirifer neomarcoui Licharew 1942
+
Invalid names: Neospirifer kubeiensis Ting 1962 [synonym]
Betaneospirifer ravaniformis Waterhouse 1978
Betaneospirifer shii Waterhouse 2004
G. †Blasispirifer Kulikov 1950
+
Blasispirifer blasii de Verneuil 1845
Blasispirifer reedi Licharew 1978
Blasispirifer vagaensis Licharew 1927
G. †Cartorhium Cooper and Grant 1976
+
Cartorhium alisangensis Termier et al. 1974
Cartorhium chelomatum Cooper and Grant 1976
Cartorhium coristum Cooper and Grant 1976
Cartorhium imperfectum Archbold 1993
Cartorhium latum King 1931
Cartorhium mexicanum Shumard 1858
Cartorhium orbiculatum Cooper and Grant 1976
Cartorhium retusum Cooper and Grant 1976
Cartorhium rhomboidalis Jin and Ye 1979
Cartorhium twifurcifer Xu and Grant 1994
Cartorhium vidriense Cooper and Grant 1976
Cartorhium xikouensis Xu and Grant 1994
Cartorhium zoyei Cooper and Grant 1976
G. †Costatispirifer Archbold and Thomas 1985
+
Costatispirifer gracilis Archbold and Thomas 1985
G. †Crassispirifer Archbold and Thomas 1985
+
Crassispirifer acuta Waterhouse 2004
Crassispirifer broilii Waterhouse 2004
Crassispirifer chospochtschonicus Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Crassispirifer condoni Archbold and Shi 1993
Crassispirifer galinae Manankov 2019
Crassispirifer jakuschewae Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Crassispirifer koargychanensis Zavodowsky 1970
Crassispirifer monumentalis Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Crassispirifer pinguis Archbold and Thomas 1985
Crassispirifer rostalinus Hosking 1931
Crassispirifer transversa Waterhouse 2004
G. †Cratispirifer Archbold and Thomas 1985
+
Cratispirifer barchatovae Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Cratispirifer macroplica Waterhouse 2004
Cratispirifer nuraensis Archbold and Thomas 1985
G. †Fasciculatia Waterhouse 2004
+
Fasciculatia adpressa Liu and Waterhouse 1985
Fasciculatia angulata Waterhouse 2004
Fasciculatia groenwalli Dunbar 1962
+
Invalid names: Spirifer striatoplicatus Gobbett 1964 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Fasciculatia greenlandicus Waterhouse 2004 [synonym], Neospirifer sulcoprofundus Liu and Waterhouse 1985 [synonym]
Invalid names: Gobbettifera Waterhouse 2004 [synonym]
G. †Fusispirifer Waterhouse 1966
+
Fusispirifer avicula Morris 1845
Fusispirifer byroensis Glauert 1912
Fusispirifer carnarvonensis Archbold and Thomas 1987
Fusispirifer coolkilyaensis Archbold 1988
Fusispirifer cundlegoensis Archbold and Thomas 1987
Fusispirifer jini Waterhouse 2004
Fusispirifer kennediensis Archbold and Thomas 1987
Fusispirifer legrandblainae Archbold and Thomas 1987
Fusispirifer nitiensis Diener 1897
Fusispirifer quinnaniensis Archbold and Thomas 1987
Fusispirifer subovalis Abramov and Grigorieva 1988
Fusispirifer wandageensis Archbold and Thomas 1987
Invalid names: Spirifera avicula Sowerby 1844 [nomen vanum], Transversaria [synonym]
Subfm. †Fusispiriferinae Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Cracowspira Waterhouse 2004
+
Cracowspira laminatus Waterhouse 1987
G. †Gibbospirifer Waterhouse 1971
+
Gibbospirifer ettrainensis Waterhouse 1971
G. †Gypospirifer Cooper and Grant 1976
+
Gypospirifer anancites Cooper and Grant 1976
Gypospirifer condor d'Orbigny 1842
Gypospirifer gryphus Cooper and Grant 1976
Gypospirifer kobiyamai Tazawa and Araki 2013
Gypospirifer nelsoni Cooper and Grant 1976
Gypospirifer volatilis Duan and Li 1985
G. †Imperiospira Archbold and Thomas 1993
+
Imperiospira campbelli Archbold and Thomas 1993
Imperiospira dickinsi Archbold and Thomas 1993
Imperiospira franzjosefi Archbold and Thomas 1993
G. †Kaninospirifer Stepanov and Kulikov 1975
+
Kaninospirifer borealis Stepanov and Kulikov 1975
Kaninospirifer costellinus Waterhouse 2004
Kaninospirifer kaninensis Licharew 1943
G. †Lepidospirifer Cooper and Grant 1969
+
Lepidospirifer angulatus Cooper and Grant 1969
Lepidospirifer demissus Cooper and Grant 1976
Lepidospirifer inferus Cooper and Grant 1976
Lepidospirifer miyakei Tazawa and Shen 1997
G. †Lutuginia Poletaev 1997
+
Lutuginia lutugini Rotai 1931
G. †Maxwellispirifer Waterhouse 2004
+
Maxwellispirifer exora McKellar 1965
G. †Neospirifer Fredericks 1919
+
Subg. †Neospirifer (Neospirifer) Fredericks 1919
Subg. †Neospirifer (Quadrospira) Archbold 1997
+
Quadrospira crassicostatus Waterhouse 1983
Quadrospira hardmani Foord 1890
Quadrospira plicatus Archbold and Thomas 1986
Quadrospira postplicatus Archbold and Thomas 1986
Quadrospira preplicatus Hogeboom 1999
Quadrospira woolagensis Archbold 1997
Neospirifer amphigyus Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer amplus Archbold and Thomas 1986
Neospirifer apothescelus Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer bakeri King 1931
Neospirifer borealis Manankov 2019
Neospirifer cameratus Morton 1836
Neospirifer campbelli Maxwell 1964
Neospirifer chivatschensis Zavodowsky 1968
Neospirifer crassiconchialis Zavodovsky 1959
Neospirifer dunbari King 1933
+
Neospirifer triplicatus alatus Dunbar and Condra 1932
Invalid names: Spirifer triplicata Hall 1852 [replaced]
Neospirifer fasciger Keyserling 1846
Neospirifer foordi Archbold and Thomas 1986
Neospirifer formulosus Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer goreii Mather 1915
Neospirifer gortani Heritsch 1931
Neospirifer grandis Solomina 1988
Neospirifer gruenewaldtianus Yanischevsky 1900
Neospirifer incipiens Plodowski 1968
Neospirifer invisus Zavodovsky 1958
Neospirifer kalashnikovi Waterhouse 2004
Neospirifer kansasensis Swallow 1866
Neospirifer koewbaidhoni Yanagida 1967
Neospirifer lanceolatus Ivanov and Ivanova 1937
Neospirifer latus Dunbar and Condra 1932
Neospirifer licharewi Abramov 1970
Neospirifer mansuetus Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer mengjiushanensis Lee and Su 1980
Neospirifer neali Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer neocameratus Stepanov 1998
Neospirifer neostriatus Fredericks 1919
Neospirifer notialis Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer paranitiensis Zavodowsky 1960
Neospirifer parenensis Zavodowsky 1968
Neospirifer permicus Ifanova 1972
Neospirifer placidus Cooper and Grant 1976
Neospirifer plana Chen 2004
Neospirifer poletaevi Waterhouse 2004
Neospirifer praenuntius Easton 1962
Neospirifer pristinus Maxwell 1951
Neospirifer pseudonitiensis Plodowski 1968
Neospirifer rhomboidalis Kalashnikov 1998
Neospirifer shenshuensis Lee and Su 1980
Neospirifer snjatkovi Zavodowsky 1968
Neospirifer sodalis Reed 1944
Neospirifer sterlitamakensis Gerassimov 1929
Neospirifer subfasciger Licharew 1934
Neospirifer tajmyrica Einor 1959
Neospirifer tegulatus Trautschold 1876
Neospirifer tricostatus Zavodowsky 1968
Neospirifer undatus Reed 1944
+
Invalid names: Aperispirifer naubauriensis Plodowski 1968 [synonym]
Neospirifer wynneiformis Zavodovsky 1959
Invalid names: Wadispirifer Waterhouse 2004 [synonym]
G. †Occidalia Archbold 1997
+
Occidalia mingenewensis Archbold 1996
Occidalia plicatus Waterhouse 1966
Occidalia shahi Archbold 1997
G. †Pondospirifer Waterhouse 1978
+
Pondospirifer crassiconcha Waterhouse and Chen 2007
Pondospirifer magnificus Waterhouse 1978
G. †Saltospirifer Cisterna and Archbold 2007
+
Saltospirifer guevarii Cisterna and Archbold 2007
G. †Septospirifer Waterhouse 1971
+
Septospirifer tatondukensis Waterhouse 1971
G. †Simplicisulcus Waterhouse 2002
+
Simplicisulcus arthurtonensis Waterhouse 1968
Simplicisulcus concentricus Waterhouse 1987
Simplicisulcus semicircularis Shen et al. 2000
G. †Spiriferalaria Waterhouse 2002
+
Spiriferalaria thescelus Cooper and Grant 1976
G. †Tibetospirifer Liu and Wang 1990
+
Tibetospirifer xizangensis Liu and Wang 1990
Invalid names: Kaninospiriferinae Kalashnikov 1996 [empty]
Subfm. †Trigonotretinae Schuchert 1893
+
G. †Aperispirifer Waterhouse 1968
+
Aperispirifer archboldi Waterhouse 2001
Aperispirifer lethamensis Waterhouse 1968
Aperispirifer nelsonensis Waterhouse 1964
Aperispirifer ovalis Waterhouse 1987
Aperispirifer wairakiensis Waterhouse 1964
G. †Brachythyrinella Waterhouse and Gupta 1978
+
Brachythyrinella duttai Sahni and Srivastava 1956
Brachythyrinella hesdoensis Sahni and Dutt 1959
Brachythyrinella papillionata Sahni and Srivastava 1956
G. †Frechella Legrand-Blain 1985
Tr. †Grantonini Waterhouse 2004
+
G. †Koenigoria Waterhouse 2004
+
Koenigoria dickinsi Archbold and Thomas 1986
Koenigoria kimsari Bion 1928
Koenigoria neoaustralis Archbold and Thomas 1986
G. †Trigorhium Waterhouse 2001
G. †Neilotreta Waterhouse 2008
+
Neilotreta occidentalis Thomas 1971
Neilotreta thomasi Waterhouse 2004
G. †Sulciplica Waterhouse 1968
+
Sulciplica chatsworthensis Waterhouse 2004
Sulciplica crassa Clarke 1990
Sulciplica occidentalis Archbold 1995
Sulciplica phalaena Dana 1849
Sulciplica stutchburii Etheridge 1892
Sulciplica tasmaniensis Morris 1845
Sulciplica thailandica Hamada 1960
Sulciplica transversa Waterhouse 1968
Sulciplica vellai Waterhouse 1999
G. †Tasmanospirifer Waterhouse 2016
+
Tasmanospirifer jervisbayensis Waterhouse and Lee 2023
G. †Trigonotreta Koenig 1825
+
Trigonotreta larghii Angiolini et al. 2005
Trigonotreta lightjacki Archbold and Thomas 1986
Trigonotreta lyonsensis Archbold and Thomas 1986
Trigonotreta orientensis Archbold and Singh 1993
Trigonotreta sanjuanensis Lech and Aceñolaza 1990
Trigonotreta stokesi Koenig 1825
Trigonotreta stokesii Koenig 1825
Trigonotreta victoriae Archbold 1991
Invalid names: Grantonia Brown 1953 [synonym]
Tr. †Trigonotretini Schuchert 1893
+
G. †Pericospira Archbold and Cisterna 2007
+
Pericospira pericoensis Leanza 1945
Pericospira riojanensis Lech and Aceñolaza 1987
Pericospira sanjuanensis Lech and Acenolaza 1990
Invalid names: Aulidospiridae Williams 1962 [empty], Reticulariacea Waagen [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 14:12:52
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:12:52
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Nesnidal et al. 2013

Age range: base of the Richmondian to the top of the Early/Lower Jurassic or 449.50000 to 174.10000 Ma

Collections (4154 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleozoic - Triassic541.0 - 201.3Chile (Ovalle) Neospirifer sp., Spiriferidae indet. (222433)
Richmondian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Nunavut) Spirifer crispus (24187)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4USA (New York) Spirifer sp. (452 459 462 463)
Llandovery - Ludlow443.4 - 423.0USA (West Virginia) Spirifer mackenzicus (41085)
Niagaran443.4 - 422.9USA (Ohio) Spirifer sp. (475)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (California) Spirifer nuda (229254) Spirifer sp. (229251 229257 230235) Spirifer varicosa (229259)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (Alaska) Spirifer sp. (111791 111794 111816 111819 111820)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4Canada (Nunavut) Spiriferidae indet. (77342)
Sheinwoodian433.4 - 430.5USA (New York) Spirifer crispus, Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcatus (81807) Spirifer eudora (82514) Spirifer eudora, Spirifer niagarensis (82502) Spirifer eudora, Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer repertus, Spirifer sulcatus (81907) Spirifer eudora, Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcatus (82511) Spirifer niagarensis (81806 82535 82536 82537 82545 82560) Spirifer sulcata (81876) Spirifer sulcatus (82510)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4USA (New York) Spirifer crispatus, Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcatus (81920) Spirifer crispatus, Spirifer sulcata (81898) Spirifer crispus, Spirifer niagarensis (81783) Spirifer crispus, Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcatus (81805) Spirifer niagarensis (81804 81885 81905 81917 81922) Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcata (81840) Spirifer niagarensis, Spirifer sulcatus (81906) Spirifer repertus (13053) Spirifer sp. (474 541)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Kazakhstan Spiriferidae indet. (72329 72337)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) Spirifer sp. (212635)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0New Zealand Spiriferinae indet. (201935)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Spirifer rariplectus, Spirifer dichotomus, Spirifer spurius (137429)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5USA (Nevada) Spiriferoidea indet. (201916)
Norian228.0 - 208.5New Zealand Spiriferinae indet. (201929)
Lacian221.5 - 215.56USA (Nevada) Spirifer obtusus (33202)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Alaska) Spiriferacea indet. (100532)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1United Kingdom (Somerset) Spirifera walcotti (198904)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1United Kingdom (England) Spirifera walcottii (84125)