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Scala (Spiniscala)

Gastropoda - Epitoniidae

Taxonomy
Spiniscala was named by De Boury (1909) [Sepkoski's age data: T Mi R]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Epitonium (Spiniscala) by Woodring (1928), Pilsbry and Olsson (1941), Gardner (1947) and Gardner (1948); it was reranked as Scala (Spiniscala) by Mandic and Steininger (2003).

It was assigned to Epitonium by Woodring (1928), Pilsbry and Olsson (1941), Gardner (1947) and Gardner (1948); to Neotaenioglossa by Sepkoski (2002); and to Scala by Mandic and Steininger (2003).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1909Spiniscala De Boury p. 257
1928Epitonium (Spiniscala) Woodring p. 397
1941Epitonium (Spiniscala) Pilsbry and Olsson p. 8
1947Epitonium (Spiniscala) Gardner p. 575
1948Epitonium (Spiniscala) Gardner p. 206
2002Spiniscala Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Scala (Spiniscala) Mandic and Steininger p. 272

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
Ptenoglossa(Gray 1853)
superfamilyEpitonioidea(Berry 1910)
familyEpitoniidaeBerry 1910
genusScalaHumphrey
subgenusSpiniscala(De Boury 1909)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available