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Halichoerus grypus (grey seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Taxonomy
Phoca grypus was named by Fabricius (1791). It is extant. It is the type species of Halichoerus.

It was recombined as Halichoerus (Halichoerus) grypus by Trouessart (1898), Trouessart (1904) and Friant (1947); it was recombined as Halichoerus grypus by Nilsson (1847), Gray (1850), Gill (1866), Gray (1866), Allen (1880), Turner (1912), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Riedman (1990), Koretsky (2001), Deméré et al. (2003), Davis et al. (2004), Cullen et al. (2014) and Berta et al. (2018).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1791Phoca grypus Fabricius
1791Phoca grypus Fabricus
1847Halichoerus grypus Nilsson p. 299
1850Halichoerus grypus Gray p. 30
1866Halichoerus grypus Gill p. 5
1866Halichoerus grypus Gray p. 34
1880Halichoerus grypus Allen p. 689
1898Halichoerus (Halichoerus) grypus Trouessart p. 381
1904Halichoerus (Halichoerus) grypus Trouessart p. 284
1912Halichoerus grypus Turner p. 189
1947Halichoerus (Halichoerus) grypus Friant p. 6
1963Halichoerus grypus Scheffer and Rice p. 3
1980Halichoerus grypus Kurten and Anderson p. 206
1990Halichoerus grypus Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
2001Halichoerus grypus Koretsky p. 85
2003Halichoerus grypus Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2004Halichoerus grypus Davis et al. p. 365
2014Halichoerus grypus Cullen et al. p. 1471 figs. Figure 1
2018Halichoerus grypus Berta et al. p. 210 figs. Fig. 2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae
subfamilyPhocinae
genusHalichoerusNilsson 1820
speciesgrypus(Fabricius 1791)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available