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Phoca (seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Phoca Linnaeus p. 37
1811Phoca Illiger p. 138
1815Arctias Rafinesque p. 60
1821Phoca Gray p. 310
1825Phoca Gray p. 340
1827Callocephalus Cuvier
1850Callocephalus Gray p. 21
1850Phoca Gray p. 26
1860Pagomys Gray
1860Phoca Nordmann p. 298
1864Halicyon Gray
1866Pagomys Gill p. 5
1866Phoca Gill p. 5
1866Callocephalus Gray p. 20
1866Pagomys Gray p. 22
1866Halicyon Gray p. 27
1866Phoca Gray p. 31
1866Haliphilus Gray p. 466
1871Callocephalus Gray p. 1
1871Halicyon Gray p. 2
1871Pagomys Gray p. 2
1871Phoca Gray p. 2
1880Phoca Allen p. 557
1891Phoca Newton p. 17
1898Phoca Trouessart p. 382
1902Phoca Allen p. 474
1902Phoca Hay p. 785
1904Pagomys Palmer p. 497
1904Phoca Palmer p. 532
1904Phoca Trouessart p. 285
1904Pagophoca Trouessart p. 287
1912Phoca Turner p. 178
1922Phoca Kellogg p. 45
1922Pagophoca Kellogg p. 123
1924Phoca Alekseev p. 27
1925Phoca Zittel p. 78
1929Caspiopusa Dybowski p. 414
1930Phoca Hay p. 562
1947Phoca Friant p. 7
1947Phoca (Pagophoca) Friant p. 7
1960Phoca McLaren p. 57
1963Phoca Scheffer and Rice p. 3
1980Phoca Kurten and Anderson p. 204
1981Phoca Muizon p. 135
1982Phoca Muizon p. 205 figs. Table 1
1982Phoca Thomas et al. p. 1
1988Phoca Carroll
1990Phoca Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
1991Phoca Koretsky p. 41A
1991Phoca Vidal p. 6
1997Phoca McKenna and Bell p. 257
2001Phoca Koretsky p. 85
2002Phoca Berta p. 923
2002Phoca Koretsky and Holec p. 175
2002Phoca Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Phoca Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2004Phoca Davis et al. p. 365
2006Phoca Koretsky and Barnes p. 148
2008Phoca Koretsky and Barnes p. 547
2009Phoca Berta p. 863
2010Phoca Fulton and Strobeck p. 817 fig. Figure
2017Phoca Berta p. 157
2018Phoca Berta p. 715 figs. Fig. 3C
2018Phoca Berta et al. p. 210 figs. Fig. 2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae
subfamilyPhocinae
genusPhoca

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available