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Kinosternon (mud turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Kinosternoidea

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1824Kinosternon von Spix
1857Platythyra Agassiz
1875Cinosternum Cope p. 52
1928Cinosternum Nopcsa p. 167
1931Kinosternon Cahn p. 122
1985Kinosternon Holman
1988Kinosternon Carroll
1991Kinosternon Hutchison p. 155
1993Kinosternon de Broin and de la Fuente pp. 9-10
1996Kinosternon Frank and Ramus
2001Kinosternon Weems and George p. 572
2005Kinosternon Cisneros p. 241
2011Kinosternon Bourque p. 234
2014Kinosternon de la Fuente et al.
2014Kinosternon van Dijk et al.
2016Kinosternon Joyce and Bourque
2017Kinosternon Cadena et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
superfamilyTrionychoideaFitzinger 1826
familyKinosternoidea()
familyKinosternidae()
Kinosterninae(Baur 1893)
genusKinosternonvon Spix 1824

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean
carapace height140.0

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsuperf
Diet: durophagesuperf
Diet 2: piscivoresuperf
Reproduction: oviparoussuperf
Created: 2005-08-26 14:33:16
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:33:16
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Uetz 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Hemingfordian to the top of the Holocene or 20.43000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 15.97 Ma

Collections (36 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon rincon (19519)
Early/Lower Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Delaware) Kinosternon sp. (18579)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (176936)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon pojoaque (190947) Kinosternon skullridgescens (190948)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Kansas) Sternotherus odoratus (18450)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon pannekollops (18355)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (18554)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Kansas) Kinosternon wakeeniense (18451)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Kinosternidae indet. (18601)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (18359)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Michoacan) Kinosternon sp. (20072)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (19764)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Nebraska) Kinosternon flavescens (19960 19963)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Kansas) Kinosternon flavescens (19928) Kinosternon subrubrum, Kinosternon flavescens (19922)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8Mexico (Hidalgo) Kinosternon sp. (18753 20079)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (New Mexico) Kinosternon flavescens (19982)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Arizona) Kinosternon arizonense (19628)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126El Salvador Kinosternon sp. (70118)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Kinosternon sp. (65405)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Mexico (Santiago chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190089)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Ecuador (Santa Elena) Kinosternon sp. (185514)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Mexico (Santiago Chazumba) Kinosternon integrum (190088)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) Kinosternon flavescens (20337)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (20400 20402)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Kinosternon sp. (20440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Kinosternon sp. (20604 20613)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Kinosternon subrubrum (154805)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Colombia (Cundinamarca) Kinosternon sp. (190375)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Kinosternon sp. (63429)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Georgia) Kinosternon subrubrum (152113)