Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Cumnoria prestwichii

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Iguanodon prestwichii was named by Hulke (1880). Its type specimen is UMO J.3303 and is not a trace fossil. Its type locality is Chawley brick pit, Cumnor (d), which is in a Kimmeridgian marine claystone/claystone in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of the United Kingdom.

It was recombined as Camptosaurus prestwichii by Lydekker (1889), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Nopcsa (1902), Gilmore (1909), Kuhn (1964), Galton and Powell (1980), Galton (1980), Galton (1980), Bartholomai and Molnar (1981), Weishampel and Weishampel (1983), Milner and Norman (1984), Casanovas et al. (1987), Frances and Sanz (1989), Weishampel and Bjork (1989), Norman and Weishampel (1990), Galton (1994), Buffetaut (1997), Tallodi Posmosanu and Popa (1997), Norman (2004), Pereda Suberbiola et al. (2006), Galton (2007), Carpenter and Wilson (2008), Gierlinski et al. (2009), Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. (2010) and Diedrich (2011); it was recombined as Camptosaurus prestwichi by Woodward and Sherborn (1890); it was recombined as Cumnoria prestwichi by Winkler (1893); it was misspelled as Iguanodon prestwichi by Sauvage (1894), Sauvage (1895), Sauvage (1897), Sauvage (1898), Van Den Broeck (1900), Sauvage (1900), Nopcsa (1900), Sauvage (1902), Lambe (1903), Sauvage (1906), Sauvage (1914), Lapparent (1967) and Cuny et al. (1991); it was recombined as Cumnoria prestwichii by Seeley (1888), Seeley (1889), Swinton (1970), Naish and Martill (2007), Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. (2007), Naish and Martill (2008), Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. (2008), Carpenter and Ishida (2010), McDonald et al. (2010), Zheng et al. (2013), Pereda Suberbiola and Ruiz-Omeñaca (2013), Madzia et al. (2018) and Párraga and Prieto-Márquez (2019).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1880Iguanodon prestwichii Hulke
1880Iguanodon prestwichii Sauvage p. 523
1882Iguanodon prestwichii Dollo
1882Iguanodon prestwichii Hulke p. 143
1883Iguanodon prestwichii Moseley p. 440
1883Iguanodon prestwichii Seeley p. 60
1884Iguanodon prestwichii Hulke p. 51
1885Iguanodon prestwichi Dollo p. 26
1885Iguanodon prestwichii Woodward p. 11
1887Iguanodon prestwichii Hulke p. 702
1887Iguanodon prestwichi Seeley p. 82
1888Iguanodon prestwichii Lydekker p. 47
1888Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 624
1888Cumnoria prestwichii Seeley p. 698
1889Camptosaurus prestwichii Lydekker pp. 47-48
1889Cumnoria prestwichii Seeley p. 58
1890Camptosaurus prestwichi Woodward and Sherborn p. 213
1893Cumnoria prestwichi Winkler p. 113
1894Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 927
1895Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 470
1897Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 865
1898Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 443
1900Iguanodon prestwichi Nopcsa p. 562
1900Iguanodon prestwichi Sauvage p. 417
1900Iguanodon prestwichi Van Den Broeck p. 88
1902Camptosaurus prestwichii Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxxiii
1902Camptosaurus prestwichii Nopcsa p. 152
1902Iguanodon pretwechi Sauvage p. 411
1903Camptosaurus prestwichi Lambe p. 60
1906Iguanodon preswicki Sauvage p. 497
1909Camptosaurus prestwichii Gilmore
1914Cumnoria prestwichi Sauvage p. 255
1964Camptosaurus prestwichii Kuhn p. 9
1967Camptosaurus prestwichi Lapparent p. 10
1970Cumnoria prestwichii Swinton p. 215
1980Camptosaurus prestwichii Galton p. 81 figs. 6-7
1980Camptosaurus prestwichii Galton and Powell p. 438
1981Camptosaurus prestwichii Bartholomai and Molnar p. 343
1983Camptosaurus prestwichii Weishampel and Weishampel p. 44
1984Camptosaurus prestwichii Milner and Norman p. 148
1987Camptosaurus prestwichii Casanovas et al. p. 104
1989Camptosaurus prestwichii Frances and Sanz p. 141
1989Camptosaurus prestwichii Weishampel and Bjork p. 64
1990Camptosaurus prestwichii Norman and Weishampel p. 530
1991Iguanodon prestwichii Cuny et al. p. 336
1994Camptosaurus prestwichii Galton p. 258
1997Camptosaurus prestwichii Buffetaut p. 214
1997Camptosaurus prestwichii Tallodi Posmosanu and Popa p. 37
2004Camptosaurus prestwichii Norman p. 415
2006Camptosaurus prestwichii Pereda Suberbiola et al. p. 227
2007Camptosaurus prestwichii Galton p. 40
2007Cumnoria prestwichii Naish and Martill p. 493
2007Cumnoria prestwichii Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. p. 83
2008Camptosaurus prestwichii Carpenter and Wilson p. 257
2008Cumnoria prestwichii Naish and Martill p. 617
2008Cumnoria prestwichii Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. p. 61
2009Camptosaurus prestwichii Gierlinski et al. p. 231
2010Cumnoria prestwichii Carpenter and Ishida p. 158
2010Cumnoria prestwichii McDonald et al. p. 33 fig. 39
2010Camptosaurus prestwichii Ruiz-Omeñaca et al. p. 84
2011Camptosaurus prestwichii Diedrich p. 145
2013Cumnoria prestwichii Pereda Suberbiola and Ruiz-Omeñaca p. 13
2013Cumnoria prestwichii Zheng et al.
2018Cumnoria prestwichii Madzia et al. p. 971
2019Cumnoria prestwichii Párraga and Prieto-Márquez p. 254

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Neornithischia()
Ornithopoda()
Iguanodontia()
Dryomorpha
Ankylopollexia
Styracosterna
genusCumnoria
speciesprestwichii()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. Dollo 1882Four sacral vertebrae. Centra flattened below. Dorsal vertebral centra wedge-shaped. Total length 3 to 4 meters. Head around 20 centimeters. Plain serrations of teeth.