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Turricula

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Taxonomy
Turricula was named by Schumacher (1817) [Sepkoski's age data: K Camp-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 790]. It is extant. Its type is Murex tornatus.

It was reranked as Mitra (Turricula) by Abrard (1946).

It was assigned to Gastropoda by Mansfield (1925); to Volutidae by Bohm (1926); to Mitra by Abrard (1946); to Turriculinae by MacNeil (1960), Addicott (1970), Hickman (1976), Hickman (1980) and Wilson (1994); to Neogastropoda by Sepkoski (2002); to Turridae by Olsson (1931), Turner (1938), Mukerjee (1939), Durham (1944), Moore (1984), Squires (1999) and Baluk (2003); and to Clavatulidae by Harzhauser et al. (2009).

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Turricula Schumacher
1853Surcula Adams and Adams
1866Pleurotoma (Surcula) Gabb p. 5
1873Turris (Surcula) Gabb p. 207
1906Pleurotoma (Surcula) Oppenheim p. 332 figs. pl. 24, figs. 26 a, b
1908Turris (Surcula) Dall
1919Turricula (Surcula) Dall p. 4
1921Surcula Vredenburg p. 86
1922Surcula Woods p. 106
1925Turricula Mansfield p. 13
1926Turricula Bohm p. 71
1931Surcula Olsson p. 118
1931Turricula Olsson p. 118
1935Clavatula (Surcula) Oostingh p. 108
1938Turricula Turner p. 70
1939Turricula Mukerjee p. 77
1944Turricula Durham p. 187
1946Mitra (Turricula) Abrard p. 100
1960Turricula MacNeil p. 108
1967Surcula Abbass p. 120
1970Turricula Addicott p. 129
1976Turricula Hickman p. 33
1980Turricula Hickman p. 80
1984Turricula Moore p. 24
1986Turricula (Surcula) Covacevich and Frassinetti p. 39
1994Turricula Wilson p. 189
1999Turricula Squires p. 21
2002Surcula Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Turricula Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Turricula Baluk p. 30
2009Turricula Harzhauser et al. p. 355

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
RankNameAuthor
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyTurridaeSwainson 1840
familyClavatulidae(Gray 1853)
genusTurriculaSchumacher 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available