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Crassostrea virginica

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Ostreidae

Taxonomy
Ostrea virginica was named by Gmelin (1791) [DISTRIBUTION: Gulf of St Lawrence-West Indies (Recent); Massachusetts-Texas (Pleistocene).]. It is extant.

It was corrected as Ostrea virginiana by Holmes (1860), Dall (1898) and Clark (1906); it was recombined as Ostrea (Crassostrea) virginica by Olsson and Harbison (1953); it was recombined as Crassostrea virginica by Sacco (1897), DuBar (1958), Richards (1962), Ward and Blackwelder (1987), Ward (1998), Spencer et al. (2004), Bolton and Portell (2013) and Raith et al. (2016).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1791Ostrea virginica Gmelin
1860Ostrea virginiana Holmes p. 10
1897Crassostrea virginica Sacco
1898Ostrea virginiana Dall
1906Ostrea virginiana Clark
1953Ostrea (Crassostrea) virginica Olsson and Harbison p. 49
1958Crassostrea virginica DuBar p. 158
1962Crassostrea virginica Richards p. 55
1987Crassostrea virginica Ward and Blackwelder p. 144
1998Crassostrea virginica Ward p. 79
2004Crassostrea virginica Spencer et al.
2013Crassostrea virginica Bolton and Portell p. 74
2016Crassostrea virginica Raith et al. p. 269 figs. Fig. 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassPteriomorphia(Beurlen 1944)
RankNameAuthor
OstreomorphiFerussac 1822
OstreioniFerussac 1822
OstreataFerussac 1822
superorderOstreiformiiFerussac 1822
orderOstreida(FĂ«russac 1822)
suborderOstreidina(Ferussac 1822)
superfamilyOstreoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyOstreidaeRafinesque 1815
genusCrassostreaSacco 1897
speciesvirginica(Gmelin 1791)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available