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Columnariina

Anthozoa - Stauriida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1876Columnariina Rominger
1956Columnariina Hill
1981Columnariina Hill
1983Columnariina Sando p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
Hexacorallia()
RankNameAuthor
subclassRugosa(Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850)
orderStauriidaVerrill 1865
suborderColumnariinaRominger 1876
suborderColumnariinaRominger 1876

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subor. †Columnariina Rominger 1876
show all | hide all
Fm. †Acervulariidae Fromentel 1861
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G. †Acervularia Schweigger 1819
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Acervularia pentagona Goldfuss 1826
Acervularia profunda Hall 1858
Invalid names: Arachnium Keyserling 1846 [synonym], Cyathogonium Chapman 1893 [synonym], Favastrea Blainville 1834 [synonym], Floscularia Eichwald 1829 [synonym], Rhabdophyllum Wedekind 1927 [synonym]
G. †Diplophyllum Hall 1851
G. †Oliveria Sutherland 1965
G. †Rhapidophyllum Lindström 1882
Fm. †Acrocyathidae Sando 1983
+
G. †Acrocyathus d'Orbigny 1849
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Acrocyathus cystosus Zhizhina in Bul'vanker and others 1960
Acrocyathus floriformis d'Orbigny 1849
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Acrocyathus girtyi Hayasaka 1936
Acrocyathus grechovkae Degtyarev 1973
Acrocyathus lissitzini Zhizhina in Bul'vanker and others 1960
Acrocyathus pilatus Sando 1983
Acrocyathus proliferus Hall in Hall and Whitney 1858
Acrocyathus rotai Zhizhina in Bul'vanker and others 1960
Acrocyathus shimeri Crickmay 1955
Acrocyathus unicus Yabe and Hayasaka 1915
Acrocyathus utkae Degtyarev 1973
Acrocyathus zhizhinae Vasilyuk 1960
Fm. †Columnariidae Nicholson 1879
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G. †Circumtextiphyllum Kaplan 1971
G. †Columnaria Goldfuss 1826
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Columnaria alveolata Goldfuss 1826
Columnaria calicina Nicholson 1874
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Invalid names: Columnaria herzeri Rominger 1876 [synonym]
Columnaria kuallomatensis Tyazheva et al. 1976
Columnaria parva Billings 1859
G. †Planetophyllum Crickmay 1960
G. †Spasskyella Tsyganko 1977
Fm. †Disphyllidae Hill 1939
+
G. †Billingsastraea Grabau 1917
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Invalid names: Asterocycles Van-Uxem 1842 [synonym]
G. †Cantabriastraea Schröder and Soto 2003
G. †Diffusolasma Wrzolek 1992
Subfm. †Disphyllinae Hill 1939
+
G. †Amaraphyllum Pedder 1970
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Amaraphyllum amoenum Pedder 1970
G. †Aphraxonia Uensalaner 1951
G. †Argutastrea Crickmay 1960
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Argutastrea hullensis Hill 1954
G. †Aristophyllum Bulvanker et al. 1975
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G. †Ceratophyllum Gürich 1896
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Ceratophyllum furcatispinum Herendeen et al. 1990
G. †Chalcidophyllum Pedder 1965
G. †Disphyllum Fromentel 1861
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Disphyllum caespitosum Goldfuss 1826
Disphyllum conjugans Sorauf 1998
Disphyllum hockingi Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Disphyllum incomptum Hill and Jell 1970
Disphyllum iowensis Sorauf 1998
Disphyllum murum Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Disphyllum nevadense Stumm 1937
Disphyllum patulum Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Disphyllum virgatum Hinde 1890
Invalid names: Ceratinella Soshkina 1941 [synonym], Megaphyllum Soshkina 1939 [synonym], Pseudostringophyllum Soshkina 1939 [synonym]
G. †Dushanophrentis Yü et al. 1974
G. †Eoglossophyllum Yü 1974
G. †Hemiaulacophyllum Kravtsov 1975
G. †Hillastraea Brownlaw and Jell 1997
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Hillastraea georgeae Brownlaw and Jell 1997
G. †Kunthia Schlüter 1885
G. †Minussiella Bulvanker 1952
G. †Noviphyllum Brownlaw and Jell 2008
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Noviphyllum canningense Brownlaw and Jell 2008
G. †Pseudocampophyllum Ivanovskiy 1958
Subfm. †Hexagonariinae Bulvanker 1958
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G. †Haplothecia Frech 1885
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Haplothecia schlotheimi Pickett 1967
G. †Hexagonaria Gürich 1896
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Subg. †Hexagonaria (Pinyonastraea) Merriam 1974
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Hexagonaria davidsoni Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851
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Invalid names: Acervularia bassleri Webster and Fenton 1924 [synonym]
Hexagonaria hexagona Goldfuss 1826
Hexagonaria reedi Schroeder and Leleshus 2002
Invalid names: Hexagoniophyllum Gürich 1909 [synonym], Polyphyllum Fromentel 1861 [synonym]
G. †Marisastrum Rozkowska 1965
G. †Pantophyllum Lakhov 1982
Subfm. †Paradisphyllinae Jell 1969
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G. †Exilifrons Crickmay 1968
G. †Gurievskiella Zheltonogova 1961
G. †Ivdelephyllum Spasskiy 1971
G. †Martinophyllum Jell and Pedder 1969
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Martinophyllum miriamae May and Rodríguez 2012
Martinophyllum ornatum Jell and Pedder 1969
G. †Paradisphyllum Strusz 1965
G. †Radiastraea Stumm 1937
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Radiastraea arachne Stumm 1937
G. †Xystrigona Yü 1974
G. †Xystriphylloides Yü 1974
Subfm. †Spongonariinae Crickmay 1962
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G. †Breviseptophyllum Ermakova 1960
G. †Careophyllum Brownlaw and Jell 2008
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G. †Disphyllia He 1978
G. †Spongonaria Crickmay 1962
G. †Tropidophyllum Pedder 1971
G. †Utaratuia Crickmay 1960
G. †Variseptophyllum Kong 1978
G. †Zelolasma Pedder 1964
Fm. †Durhaminidae Minato and Kato 1965
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G. †Cordillerastraea Fedorowski et al. 2007
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Cordillerastraea complexa Fedorowski et al. 2007
Cordillerastraea inyoensis Stevens and Stone 2009
G. †Durhamina Wilson and Langenheim, Jr. 1962
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Durhamina alaskaensis Rowett 1969
Durhamina chocalensis Rowett and Walper 1972
Durhamina cordillerensis Easton 1960
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Invalid names: Dibunophyllum hessensis Ross and Ross 1962 [synonym]
Durhamina fletcheri Wilson 1982
Durhamina kenneyi Wilson 1982
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Invalid names: Yatsengia scheetzi Wilson 1982 [synonym]
Durhamina moormanensis Stevens 1967
Durhamina pandolfi Wilson 1990
Durhamina primitiva Stevens 2008
Durhamina richi Wilson 1991
Durhamina snyderi Stevens 2008
Durhamina sublaeve Meek 1864
Durhamina suzukensis Yamagiwa and Isobe 1991
G. †Iskutella Fedorowski et al. 2007
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Iskutella fergusoni Wilson 1982
Iskutella gunningi Fedorowski et al. 2007
Iskutella stikinensis Fedorowski et al. 2007
Iskutella sulensis Kossovaya 1997
G. †Malpaisia Stevens and Stone 2009
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Malpaisia maceyi Stevens and Stone 2009
G. †Minatoa Flügel 1974
G. †Pamirophyllum Pyzhyanov 1971
G. †Pararachnastraea Stevens and Rycerski 1989
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Pararachnastraea amsburyi Stevens 1995
Pararachnastraea bellula Stevens and Stone 2009
Pararachnastraea delicata Stevens and Stone 2009
Pararachnastraea dyeri Stevens 1995
Pararachnastraea gracilis Dobrolyubova 1941
Pararachnastraea integrata Kossovaya 1997
Pararachnastraea kabyaiensis Kawamura and Stevens 2012
Pararachnastraea klamathensis Kawamura and Stevens 2012
Pararachnastraea lewisi Stevens and Rycerski 1989
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Invalid names: Kleopatrina stikinensis Stevens and Rycerski 1989 [synonym]
Pararachnastraea lyallensis Fedorowski et al. 2007
Pararachnastraea owensensis Stevens and Stone 2009
Pararachnastraea peggyae Wilson 1982
Pararachnastraea watkinsi Kawamura and Stevens 2012
Pararachnastraea wilsoni Fedorowski et al. 2007
Invalid names: Pararachnastraea Stevens and Rycerski 1989 [objective synonym]
G. †Protodurhamina Kozyreva 1978
G. †Pseudocystophora Kossovaya 1997
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Pseudocystophora complexa Dobrolyubova 1936
Pseudocystophora delicata Dobrolyubova 1941
Pseudocystophora dobrolyubovae Minato and Kato 1965
Pseudocystophora fryi Wilson 1982
Pseudocystophora sakmarensis Kossovaya 1997
Pseudocystophora wilsoni Stevens 2009
G. †Sandolasma Fedorowski et al. 2007
+
Sandolasma buttense Stevens 1967
Sandolasma cooperi Fedorowski et al. 2007
Sandolasma elegans Fedorowski et al. 2007
Sandolasma hillae Wilson and Langenheim, Jr. 1962
Sandolasma mckassoni Wilson 1994
Sandolasma perplexa Stevens 2008
Sandolasma rossi Minato and Kato 1965
Sandolasma stonei Fedorowski et al. 2007
G. †Tanbaella Minato and Kato 1965
G. †Yabeiphyllum Minato and Kato 1965
Fm. †Lithostrotionidae d'Orbigny 1851
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Subfm. †Acrocyathinae Hill 1981
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G. †Chonaxis Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851
G. †Eastonoides Wilson and Langenheim, Jr. 1962
Subfm. †Aulininae Hill 1981
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G. †Aulina Smith 1917
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Aulina botanica Nudds 1977
Aulina rotiformis Smith 1917
G. †Aulokoninckophyllum Sando 1976
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Aulokoninckophyllum carinatum Carruthers 1909
G. †Paraaulina Kuang 1977
G. †Solenodendron Sando 1976
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Solenodendron furcatum Smith 1925
G. †Vesiculotubus Sando 1976
G. †Aulostylus Sando 1976
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Aulostylus tubiferus Hayasaka 1936
G. †Cionodendrom Benson and Smith 1923
Subfm. †Diphyphyllinae Dybowski 1873
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G. †Diphyphyllum Lonsdale 1845
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Diphyphyllum archiaci Billings 1873
Diphyphyllum bellis Davis 1885
Diphyphyllum fasciculatum Fleming 1828
Diphyphyllum maximum Poty 1981
Diphyphyllum simcoense Billings 1859
Diphyphyllum stramineum Billings 1860
G. †Kwangsiphyllum Grabau and Yoh 1931
G. †Nemistium Smith 1928
G. †Opiphyllum Kozyreva 1973
G. †Tizraia Said and Rodriguez 2007
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Tizraia berkhlii Said and Rodriguez 2007
G. †Tschussovskenia Dobrolyubova 1936
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Tschussovskenia captiosa Dobrolyubova 1936
Tschussovskenia dilata Fedorowski et al. 2007
Tschussovskenia jiangxiensis Yu and Zhu 1988
Tschussovskenia minor Fedorowski 1965
G. †Heterostrotion Poty and Xu 1996
Subfm. †Lithostrotioninae d'Orbigny 1852
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G. †Akiyosiphyllum Yabe and Sugiyama 1942
G. †Cionodendron Benson and Smith 1923
G. †Lithostrotion Fleming 1828
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Lithostrotion araneum McCoy 1844
Lithostrotion junceum Fabre 1955
Lithostrotion mamillaris Castlenau 1843
Lithostrotion mutabile Kelly 1942
Lithostrotion pictoense Billings 1868
Lithostrotion sinuosum Kelly 1942
Lithostrotion vorticale Parkinson 1808
Lithostrotion warreni Nelson 1960
Invalid names: Cystidendron Schindewolf 1927 [synonym], Cystistrotion Schindewolf 1927 [synonym], Lasmocyathus d'Orbigny 1849 [synonym], Lithostrotium Agassiz 1846 [synonym], Nemaphyllum M'Coy 1849 [synonym], Nematophyllum Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 [synonym], Stylaxis M'Coy 1849 [synonym], Stylostrotion Chi 1935 [synonym]
G. †Orionastraea Smith 1917
G. †Schoenophyllum Simpson 1900
G. †Siphonodendron McCoy 1849
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Siphonodendron irregulare Phillips 1836
Siphonodendron junceum Fleming 1828
Siphonodendron martini Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851
Siphonodendron ouarkzizense Rodriguez et al. 2013
Siphonodendron scaleberense Nudds and Somerville 1987
Siphonodendron tindoufense Rodriguez et al. 2013
G. †Stelechophyllum Tolmachev 1933
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Stelechophyllum ascendens Tolmachev 1924
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Stelechophyllum ascendens ascendens Dobrolyubova and Kabakovich 1966
Stelechophyllum ascendens simplex Dobrolyubova in Dobrolyubova and Kabakovich 1966
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Invalid names: Lithostrotionella floriformis Hayasaka 1936 [synonym], Lithostrotionella vesicularis Hayasaka 1936 [synonym]
Stelechophyllum birdi Armstrong 1970
Stelechophyllum circinatum Easton and Gutschick 1953
Stelechophyllum ergunjaicum Onoprienko 1976
Stelechophyllum grande Tolmachev 1924
Stelechophyllum lochmanae Armstrong 1962
Stelechophyllum mclareni Sutherland 1958
Stelechophyllum megalum Tolmachev 1924
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Invalid names: Lithostrotionella confluens Easton et al. 1958 [synonym], Lithostrotionella jasperensis Kelly 1942 [synonym], Lithostrotionella multiradiata Hayasaka 1936 [synonym]
Stelechophyllum micrum Kelly 1942
Stelechophyllum niakensis Armstrong 1972
Stelechophyllum venukoffi Tolmachev 1924
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Invalid names: Eolithostrotionella Zhizhina 1956 [synonym]
Subfm. †Thysanophyllinae Hill 1981
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G. †Corphalia Poty 1975
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Corphalia fourmarieri Charles 1933
G. †Dorlodotia Salee 1920
G. †Pseudodorlodotia Minato 1955
G. †Sciophyllum Harker and McLaren 1950
G. †Stylastraea Lonsdale 1845
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Invalid names: Borealephyllum Kossovaya 1997 [synonym], Diphystrotion Smith and Lang 1930 [synonym]
G. †Yatsengia Huang 1932
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Yatsengia asiatica Huang 1932
Yatsengia cambodgiense Mansuy 1914
Yatsengia crassitheca Wu and Zhao 1982
Yatsengia elegans Wang 1978
Yatsengia gigantea Yu et al. 1981
Yatsengia hupeiensis Yabe and Hayasaka 1934
Yatsengia ibukiensis Minato 1955
Yatsengia kabayamensis Minato 1955
Yatsengia kuzuensis Yabe 1951
Yatsengia nondissepimenta Yan and Chen 1982
Yatsengia retiformis Yu et al. 1981
Yatsengia simplex Zhao and Chen 1963
+
Invalid names: Yatsengia tenuis Wang and Zhao 1998 [synonym]
Yatsengia singularis Yu et al. 1981
Yatsengia sisophonensis Fontaine 1961
Yatsengia suzukii Igo and Adachi 2001
Yatsengia tuanshanensis Chen and Yan 1982
Invalid names: Pseudoyatsengia Yabe 1951 [synonym]
Fm. †Lonsdaleiidae Chapman 1893
+
G. †Lonsdaleia McCoy 1849
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Subg. †Lonsdaleia (Actinocyathus) d'Orbigny 1849
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Subg. †Lonsdaleia (Waagenella) Yabe and Hayasaka 1915
Lonsdaleia duplicata Martin 1809
Lonsdaleia fennemai Volz 1904
Subfm. †Lonsdaleiinae Chapman 1893
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G. †Carcinophyllum Thomson and Nicholson 1876
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Carcinophyllum wichmanni Rothpletz 1892
G. †Thysanophyllum Nicholson and Thomson 1876
+
Fm. †Phillipsastreidae Hill 1954
+
G. †Bensonastraea Pedder 1966
G. †Chuanbeiphyllum He 1978
+
Chuanbeiphyllum impensum McLean 1994
G. †Farabophyllum Lavrusevich 1971
G. †Frechastraea Scrutton 1968
+
Frechastraea borealis McLean 1994
Frechastraea coeni Coen-Aubert 2012
Frechastraea glabra Coen-Aubert 2012
Frechastraea pollicaris McLean 1994
Frechastraea schafferi Penecke 1903
Frechastraea scruttoni McLean 1994
G. †Keriophylloides Soshkina 1951
G. †Kuangxiastraea Yu and Kuang 1983
+
Kuangxiastraea laciniosa Hill and Jell 1970
G. †Macgeea Webster 1889
+
Macgeea camplanulata Sorauf 1998
Macgeea concinnula Sorauf 1998
Macgeea desioi Schouppé 1965
Macgeea ponderosa Stumm 1960
Macgeea pustulosa McLean 2005
Macgeea soraufi McLean 2005
Invalid names: Debnikiella Rozkowska 1980 [synonym]
G. †Pachyphyllum Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850
+
Pachyphyllum dumonti Sorauf 1998
Pachyphyllum woodmani Hall and Whitfield 1864
Invalid names: Medusaephyllum Roemer 1855 [synonym]
G. †Peneckiella Soshkina 1939
+
Peneckiella capitanea Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Peneckiella gracilis McLean 2005
Peneckiella minor Roemer 1855
Peneckiella moniliforme Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Peneckiella naniforme Brownlaw and Jell 2008
Peneckiella teicherti Hill 1954
G. †Phacellophyllum Gürich 1909
+
Invalid names: Fascicularia Dybowski 1873 [synonym], Phacelophyllum Lang et al. 1940 [synonym]
G. †Phillipsastrea d'Orbigny 1849
+
Phillipsastrea disrupta McLean 1994
Phillipsastrea givetica Ivania 1960
+
Invalid names: Medusaephyllum pradoanum Haime 1855 [synonym], Phillipsastrea pradoana Haime 1855 [synonym], Phillipsastrea torreana Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 [synonym], Pseudoacervularia pradoana Haime 1855 [synonym]
Phillipsastrea hollardi Coen-Aubert 2013
Phillipsastrea irregularis Webster and Fenton 1924
Phillipsastrea kergarvanensis Coen-Aubert and Plusquellec 2007
Phillipsastrea morzadeci CoenAubert and Plusquellec 2007
Phillipsastrea sobolewi Rozkowska 1956
Phillipsastrea sparkensis Brownlaw and Jell 1997
Invalid names: Phillipsastraea d'Orbigny 1850 [synonym], Pseudoacervularia Schlüter 1881 [synonym], Smithia Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 [synonym], Streptastraea Lang et al. 1940 [synonym], Streptastrea Sandberger and Sandberger 1856 [synonym]
G. †Protomacgeea Rozkowska 1956
+
Protomacgeea minor Zhen 1995
G. †Pterorrhiza Ehrenberg 1834
G. †Scruttonia Cherepnina 1974
+
Scruttonia fedorowskii Berkowski 2002
Scruttonia kunthi Frech 1885
Scruttonia sotoi Coen-Aubert 2013
Scruttonia sudetica Berkowski 2002
G. †Stellatophyllum Spasskiy 1968
G. †Sudetia Rozkowska 1960
G. †Sulcorphyllum Pedder 1964
G. †Thamnophyllum Penecke 1894
+
Thamnophyllum cordense McLean 2005
Thamnophyllum julli McLean 2005
Thamnophyllum kimberleyense Hill and Jell 1970
Thamnophyllum ossalense Joseph and Tsien 1975
Thamnophyllum pedderi McLean 2005
G. †Trapezophyllum Etheridge 1899
G. †Vestigiphyllum Sytova 1970
Invalid names: Phillipsastraeidae Roemer 1883 [replaced]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calciteo
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-27 16:55:09
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:53:57
Source: o = order, c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Turinian to the top of the Capitanian or 457.30000 to 259.51000 Ma

Collections (1394 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ordovician485.4 - 443.8USA (New York) Columnaria sp. (332)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Virginia) Columnaria halli (34224 34235 34237 34241 34243 34244 34245 34246)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Georgia) Columnaria halli (32779 32783 32787 32791 32798)
Late/Upper Ordovician458.4 - 443.8USA (California) Columnaria alveolata (226247)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8Canada (Quebec) Columnaria halli (174157) Columnaria minima (185481) Columnaria minima, Columnaria stokesi (185483)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Tennessee) Columnaria alveolata (5347)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8Canada (Ontario) Columnaria minima (184970) Columnaria stokesi (185480)
Mohawkian457.3 - 451.0USA (Tennessee) Columnaria sp. (86201)
Franklinian - Edenian457.3 - 450.2USA (Tennessee) Columnaria alveolata (5370)
Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6Canada (Ontario) Columnaria magnifica (26192)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Iran Yatsengia hangchowensis (112897)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28China (Jilin) Yatsengia kabayamensis (109606)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Pakistan Yatsengia hangchowensis (108490)
Wordian - Capitanian266.9 - 259.51Cambodia Cyathophyllum cambodgiense (125030)
Wordian - Capitanian266.9 - 259.51Japan Yatsengia sp. (24126)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Iran Yatsengia asiatica (108455)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Cambodia Yatsengia sisophonensis (125032)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Malaysia Yatsengia sp. A (110301)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51China (Nei Mongol) Yatsengia hupeiensis (109605)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Indonesia Clisiophyllum wichmanni (132787)