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Urodela

- Urodela

Taxonomy
Urodeles was named by Duméril (1805) [also attributed to Rafinesque 1815; spelt as "Urodelia" by Rafinesque and as Urodela by later authors: see Dundee 1989]. It is extant.

It was reranked as the family Urodela by Säve-Söderbergh (1934), Gardner (2001), Gao and Shubin (2001), Gao and Shubin (2003) and Böhme (2008); it was reranked as the suborder Urodela by Huene (1954); it was synonymized subjectively with Caudata by Dundee (1989); it was reranked as the order Urodela by Cope (1875), Swinton (1934), Kuhn (1946), Estes (1964), Gardiner (1982), Carroll (1988), Gauthier et al. (1989), Evans and Milner (1996), Wang (2000), Averianov and Voronkevich (2002) and Zhang et al. (2009).

It was assigned to Batrachia by Cope (1875); to Choanata by Säve-Söderbergh (1934); to Euamphibia by Kuhn (1946); to Pseudocentrophori by Huene (1954); to Amphibia by Swinton (1934) and Estes (1964); to Paratoidea by Gardiner (1982); to Lepospondyli by Carroll (1988); to Lissamphibia by Gauthier et al. (1989); to Caudata by Evans and Milner (1996), Wang (2000), Gardner (2001), Gao and Shubin (2001), Averianov and Voronkevich (2002) and Gao and Shubin (2003); to Amphibia by Böhme (2008); and to Caudata by Zhang et al. (2009).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Urodela Cope p. 11
1934Urodela Swinton p. 76
1934Urodela Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1946Urodela Kuhn p. 53
1954Urodela Huene p. 7
1964Urodela Estes p. 62
1982Urodela Gardiner p. 228
1988Urodela Carroll
1989Urodela Gauthier et al. p. 349
1993Neocaudata Cannatella and Hillis
1996Neocaudata Evans and Milner p. 629
1996Urodela Evans and Milner p. 629
2000Urodela Wang p. 100
2001Urodela Gao and Shubin p. 574
2001Urodela Gardner p. 334 fig. 8
2002Urodela Averianov and Voronkevich p. 209
2003Urodela Gao and Shubin p. 424
2008Urodela Böhme p. 165
2009Urodela Zhang et al. p. 552

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
RankNameAuthor
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Temnospondyli()
Lissamphibia()
Batrachia(Macartney 1802)
Caudata(Scopoli 1777)
familyUrodela()
familyUrodela()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available