Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections

Gemmula

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Sister taxa
G. (Coroniopsis), G. (Gemmula), G. (Pinguigemmula)

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Pleurotoma (Gemmula) Weinkauff p. 287
1904Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) Martin p. 146
1913Pleurotoma (Gemmula) Brown and Pilsbry p. 505 figs. pl. 22, fig. 4
1921Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) Vredenburg p. 97
1921Pleurotoma (Gemmula) Vredenburg p. 102
1931Eugemmula Iredale
1939Turris (Gemmula) Mukerjee p. 75
1939Turris (Gemmula) Oinomikado p. 624
1960Gemmula MacNeil p. 102
1964Gemmula Olsson p. 92
1964Gemmula Sohl p. 280
1970Gemmula Woodring p. 360
1982Gemmula Ladd p. 59
1994Gemmula Wilson p. 191
1996Gemmula Sysoev p. 22
2002Gemmula Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Hemipleurotoma Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Gemmula Baluk p. 30
2003Gemmula Scarponi and Della Bella p. 71
2007Gemmula Wienrich and Janssen p. 661
2009Gemmula Harzhauser et al. p. 354
2011Gemmula Bouchet et al. p. 297

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyTurridaeSwainson 1840
genusGemmula(Weinkauff 1875)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available